Population information

Order name Gruiformes
Family name Gruidae
Scientific name Leucogeranus leucogeranus Common name Siberian Crane
Population name Iran (win)
Breeding range Konda & Alymka Interfluves, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region, Center of West Siberia, NW Russia Non-breeding range Iran and unknown
Red List Category Critically Endangered
Ramsar regions Asia
Notes In previous WPE editions, placed in the genus Grus.

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1987 1991 10 14 [R519]
WPE 3 2002 2002 3 3 [R330]
WPE 4 2002 2002 4 4 [S22] [R330]
WPE 2 1995 1995 9 9 [R443]
WPE 5 2007 2011 15 20 Expert opinion [S5901] [R1236] [R1237] [R1238]
CSR 4 2003 2004 4 4 Census based [R330]
CSR 5 2010 2010 1 1 Census based [S24] [R890]
CSR 6 2011 2012 1 1 Census based [S8597] [R1466]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1987 1991 STA [R519]
WPE 3 2001 2002 DEC [R443]
WPE 4 2001 2005 DEC [R668]
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1978 2011 No idea [T3979] [R1268]
CSR 4 1995 2005 DEC Good [R668]
CSR 5 1995 2005 DEC Good [R668]
CSR 6 2000 2012 DEC Reasonable [T6681] [R1466]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 1
WPE 3 2002 1
WPE 4 2006 1
WPE 2 1997 1
WPE 5 2012 1
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R519 - Perennou, C.P., Mundkur, T. and Scott, D.A. 1994. The Asian Waterfowl Census 1987-1991: distribution and status of Asian waterfowl. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 24; AWB Spec. Publ. No. 86. Slimbridge, UK and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • R330 - Ilyashenko, E. 2002. Siberian Crane Flyway Newsletter. CMS/ICF/CWGE
  • R443 - Meine, C.D. and Archibald, G.W. (eds.). 1996. The Cranes: status survey and conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 294 pp.
  • R668 - Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 2006.
  • R1236 - Wang, Y.H. and Wang, H. 2004. Advance in study of Common Crane and its present status in China. Guizhou Science, 22 (3): 65-71.
  • R1237 - Ilyashenko VY. 2011. About the Common Crane systematics. Cranes of Eurasia (biology, distribution, migrations, management). Issue 4. Moscow: 93-103.
  • R1238 - International Crane Foundation. In litt. 2012.
  • R1268 - Ilyashenko, E., Mirande, C., Shilina, A., Sorokin, A., Archibald, A. 2012,In litt. The current status of the Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus.
  • R890 - http://craneconnections.blogspot.com/2010/11/last-wild-siberian-crane-western-flock.html
  • R1466 - Anon. 2012. The number of Siberian Cranes of Western Asian flock at wintering grounds in Fereydoonkenar, Iran (according to Shilina 2008) URL: http://sibeflyway.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/The-number-of-Siberian-Cranes-in-FDK.pdf

Notes

  • S22 - Only 4 individuals returned to Iran in 2003-04.
  • S5901 - Only one bird returned to Iran in October 2011. Rusanov et al. (2012) reported 15 birds in Volga Delta in September 2011. Wintering grounds of other birds remain unknown.
  • T3979 - After a steady decline, small groups continue to be observed and the rate of decline appears to have decreased. Trend quality good in past, now poor.
  • S24 - 900. Only one bird returned to Iran in October 2010.
  • S8597 - Only 1 individual was located in Iran in 2011/2012.
  • T6681 - Number of observed birds declined from 6 to 1 at its wintering ground in IR.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on