Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Scolopacidae
Scientific name Gallinago gallinago Common name Common Snipe
Population name gallinago, Europe/South & West Europe & NW Africa
Breeding range N Europe Non-breeding range S & W Europe & W Africa
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 2,000,000 2,000,001 No quality assessment [R52]
WPE 2 0 0 2,000,000 2,000,001 No quality assessment [R52]
WPE 4 1990 2000 2,500,000 2,500,001 No quality assessment [S1509] [R611]
WPE 3 1990 2000 2,400,000 2,400,001 No quality assessment [R611]
WPE 5 1990 2000 2,500,000 2,500,001 Census based [R611]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 2,500,000 2,500,001 Census based [R611]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 2,500,000 2,500,001 Census based [R611]
AEWA CSR 6 2000 2013 7,400,000 14,500,000 Expert opinion [S8366] [R1362] [R1361] [R63] [R1449]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2013 7,400,000 14,500,000 Expert opinion [S9013] [R1549] [R1548]
AEWA CSR 8 2008 2019 7,000,000 10,000,000 Census based [S9438] [R1625]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1960 1978 STA No quality assessment [R52]
WPE 2 1960 1978 STA No quality assessment [R52]
WPE 4 1984 1997 DEC/STA No quality assessment [T1081] [R611]
WPE 3 1984 1997 DEC No quality assessment [R611]
WPE 5 1990 2000 DEC/STA No idea [R611]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 DEC/STA No idea [R611]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 DEC/STA No idea [R611]
AEWA CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Reasonable [T6366] [R1362] [R1361]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2012 STA Reasonable [T7104] [R1549]
AEWA CSR 8 2009 2018 DEC/STA Good [T7575] [R1625] [R1730] [R1619]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 20000
WPE 2 1994 20000
WPE 4 1994 20000
WPE 3 1994 20000
WPE 5 2012 25000
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 100000
AEWA CSR 8 2018 100000

References

  • R52 - Beintema, A.J. and Miiskens, G.J.D.M. 1983. Changes in migration pattern of the Common Snipe. pp. 146-160. In: Kalchreuter, H. (ed.). Proc. 2nd European Woodcock and Snipe Workshop, 1982, Fordingbridge.
  • R611 - Stroud, D.A., Davidson, N.C., West, R., Scott, D.A., Haanstra, L., Thorup, O., Ganter, B. and Delany, S. (compilers) on behalf of the International Wader Study Group 2002. Status of migratory wader populations in Africa and Western Eurasia in the 1990s.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1449 - Blokhin (2010)
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. URL: http://iwc.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
  • R1730 - Lindström, Ã…., M. Green, M. Husby, J.A. KÃ¥lÃ¥s, A. Lehikoinen & M. Stjernman. 2019. Population trends of waders on their boreal and arctic breeding grounds in northern Europe. Wader Study 126(3): 200–216.
  • R1619 - Nagy, S. & Langendoen, T. (2020) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2018. Online publication. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands. URL: http://iwc.test.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends8

Notes

  • S1509 - Hunting bags suggest a population over 10,000,000 individuals but Thorup 2006 estimates 2.5-4.7 million. For populations over 2 million birds, Ramsar Convention criterion 5 (20,000 or more waterbirds) applies.
  • T1081 - Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups estimates trend as STA.
  • S8366 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep.) and BirdLife International et al. (in prep.) estimates the total European breeding population to be 2,465,783-4,829,030 pairs without CZ, LI, MK, RS and ME. BirdLife International (2004) estimates the number of breeding pairs for the latter to be 520-839 pairs. This yields a total population estimate of 2,466,300-4,829,869 pairs, i.e. 7,400,000-14,500,000 individuals after rounding. This is a far higher estimate than 930,000-1,900,000 pairs (BirdLife International, 2004). The increase is primarily caused by the increase of the estimate for RU from 300,000-850,000 to 2-4 million pairs based on Blokhin (2010).
  • T6366 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep.) and BirdLife International et al. (in prep.) report stable or fluctuating trend from CH, EE, ES, LT, LV, RU, BY, HU, SI, decrease from AT, BE, DE, DK, FI, FR, IE, NL, NO, PT, SE, SK and TR (causing the loss of some 28,000-137,000 individuals), increase from PL and UK, and unknown from PTAC and RO. As the overall decline is negligible compared to the size of the entire population, the overall trend is revised stable despite the large number of countries with declining population.
  • S9013 - 2,484,817-4,866,803 pairs.
  • T7104 - Stable in the short-term and in significant long-term decline based on breeding numbers. The European population is estimated to be decreasing at a rate less than 25% in 14.4 years (i.e. by c. 2.2% annually). The national population has declined in AT, BE, CH, CZ, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, IE, LI, LT, NL, PT, RU, SE, SK, UK representing over 90% of the European population, increased only in LV and PL, stable in RO and TR (BirdLife International 2015). The IWC trend analysis shows a strong increase followed by some decline (Wetlands International 2017). However, the IWC is not well suited to monitor this cryptic species.
  • S9438 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 2,328,345-3,319,433 pairs, or 7,000,000-10,000,000 individuals after rounding in AT, BA, BE, BY, CH, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, HR, HU, IE, LI, LT, LV, NL, NO, PL, PT, PTAC, RO, RS, RU, SE, SI, SK, TR, UA, GB based on data from the period of 2008-2019.
  • T7575 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has decreased by 19-38% (equivalent to 29-55% in 3 generations) in AT, BA, BE, BY, CH, CZ, DE, DK, EE, FI, FR, IE, LT, LV, NL, PL, PTAC, RS, RU, SE, SI, SK, UA, GB between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from ES, HR, HU, NO, PT, RO, TR. It has decreased by 29-40% in AT, BE, BY, CH, CZ, DE, DK, EE, FI, FR, IE, LT, NL, NO, RS, RU, SE, SI, SK, UA, GB between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, ES, HR, HU, LV, PL, PT, PTAC, RO, TR. Lindström et al. (2019) reported stable or slightly increasing trend (+0.5%) from Fennoscandia for 2006-2018. Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the wintering population has decreased by 21-22% (equivalent to 32-33% in 3 generations) in BE, CH, ES, GR, MT, PT, SI, GB, AL, MA between 2009 and 2018. It has increased by 48-49% in BE, CH, ES, RS, GB, AL between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, BG, GR, MD, ME, MK, MT, PT, SI, TR, UA, DZ, MA. Based on IWC data, Nagy & Langendoen (2020) reported moderate increase from 1980-2018 (1.0373) and stable trends for the periods of 2006-2018 (0.9936) and 2009-2018 (1.0076). However, the IWC is not well-suited to monitor this cryptic species. The long-term trends from the winter counts contradict the evidence coming from breeding bird monitoring. No country, including EU Member States official Birds Directive Article 12 reports, reported increasing long-term trend. It has declined in the breeding season in BE, CH, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FR, IE, LT, NL, NO, RU, SE, SI, SK, UA, GB, representing the vast majority of the breeding population. Unknown, stable or fluctuating in other countries. Therefore, the long-term trend is considered as declining.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on