Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Recurvirostridae
Scientific name Himantopus himantopus Common name Black-winged Stilt
Population name leucocephalus, SE Asia - Australia
Breeding range Java E to New Guinea S to Australia Non-breeding range As breeding range + Philippines, Gtr Sundas, Sulawesi
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Oceania
Notes Considered conspecific with H himantopus.

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
EAAF Partnership

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 4 0 0 300,000 300,000 [R689]
WPE 1 1987 1991 100,000 1,000,000 [R519]
WPE 2 1987 1991 100,000 1,000,000 [R519]
WPE 3 0 0 300,000 300,000 [R689]
WPE 5 1992 2009 25,000 1,000,000 Best guess [S6855] [R341] [R689] [R1027] [R1085] [R1112] [R1149]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 4 1990 2000 FLU [R341]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1982 2011 FLU Poor [T4336] [R1112] [R1085] [R341]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 4 2006 3000
WPE 1 0 -1
WPE 2 0 -1
WPE 3 2002 3000
WPE 5 2012 10000


  • R689 - Watkins, D. 1993. A National Plan for Shorebird Conservation in Australia. Report to World Wide Fund for Nature. Prepared by the Australasian Wader Studies Group.
  • R341 - Jaensch, Roger, August 2005. Detailed data and notes on numbers and distribution of waterbirds in Australia, updated from Jaensch, 2003, and derived from more than 90 Australian sources including Wetlands International, Birds Australia and Jaensch, 2003,
  • R519 - Perennou, C.P., Mundkur, T. and Scott, D.A. 1994. The Asian Waterfowl Census 1987-1991: distribution and status of Asian waterfowl. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 24; AWB Spec. Publ. No. 86. Slimbridge, UK and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • R1027 - Bishop, K.D. 2003. A Review of the Avifauna of the TransFly Eco-region: the status, distribution, habitats and conservation of the region?s birds. Report to WWF South Pacific Program.
  • R1085 - Halse, S.A., Pearson, G.B., Hassell, C., Collins, P., Scanlon, M.D. and Minton, C.D.T. 2005. Mandora Marsh, north-western Australia, an arid-zone wetland maintaining continental populations of waterbirds. Emu 105: 115?125.
  • R1112 - Kingsford, R.T., Porter, J.L. and Halse, S.A. 2012. National waterbird assessment. Waterlines report, National Water Commission, Canberra. Available online at http://nwc.gov.au/publications/waterlines/74
  • R1149 - Reid, J.R.W., Kingsford, R.T. and Jaensch, R.P. 2009. Waterbird Surveys in the Channel Country Floodplain Wetlands, Autumn 2009. Report by Australian National University, Canberra, University of New South Wales, Sydney, and Wetlands International, Oceania, Brisbane, for the Australian Government Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 81 pp. Also available online at http://www.lebmf.gov.au/publications/pubs/waterbirds-report.pdf


  • S6855 - Estimate based on Australian data and accounts for previous estimate (1993), minimum numbers from national survey at end of major drought period, and peak numbers after major flood events in several sub-regions. Addition of birds in SE Asia would probably keep estimate in same broad range.
  • T4336 - Some loss of inland habitat due to river regulation and irrigation but dominant trend is fluctuating.

Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on