Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Scolopacidae
Scientific name Calidris pugnax Common name Ruff
Population name Northern Europe & Western Siberia/West Africa
Breeding range N & Central Europe, NW Russia, W & C Siberia Non-breeding range W Africa
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 -1 -1
WPE 2 0 0 -1 -1
WPE 3 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 [R611]
WPE 4 0 0 1,000,000 1,500,000 [S1284] [R646]
WPE 5 2005 2005 1,000,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [R646] [R648]
CSR 4 2005 2005 1,000,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [R646] [R648]
CSR 5 2005 2005 1,000,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [R646] [R648]
CSR 6 2000 2012 1,000,000 1,500,000 Best guess [S8355] [R1362] [R1361] [R1464] [R1453]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1983 1993 DEC [R70]
WPE 2 1983 1993 DEC [R70]
WPE 3 1984 1997 DEC [R611]
WPE 4 1984 1997 DEC [R611]
WPE 5 1950 2000 DEC Poor [R611]
CSR 4 1950 2000 DEC Poor [R611]
CSR 5 1950 2000 DEC Poor [R611]
CSR 6 2000 2012 DEC? Reasonable [T6355] [R1362] [R1361] [R1507]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 0 -1
WPE 2 0 -1
WPE 3 0 -1
WPE 4 2006 12500
WPE 5 2012 12200
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R70 - BirdLife International/European Birds Census Council, European Birds Database. Accessed March 1994.
  • R611 - Stroud, D.A., Davidson, N.C., West, R., Scott, D.A., Haanstra, L., Thorup, O., Ganter, B. and Delany, S. (compilers) on behalf of the International Wader Study Group 2002. Status of migratory wader populations in Africa and Western Eurasia in the 1990s.
  • R646 - Trolliet, B., and Girard, O., 2001. Numbers of Ruff Philomachus pugnax, wintering in West Africa. Wader Study Group Bulletin 96: 74-78.
  • R648 - Trolliet, B., in litt., 2006.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1464 - Morozov, 1999
  • R1453 - Tomkovich, P. & Mischenko, A., in litt., 2014
  • R1507 - Verkuil, Y. I., Karlionova, N., Rakhimberdiev, E. N., Jukema, J., Wijmenga, J. J., Hooijmeijer, J. C., ... & Piersma, T. (2012). Losing a staging area: Eastward redistribution of Afro-Eurasian ruffs is associated with deteriorating fuelling conditions along the western flyway. Biological Conservation, 149(1), 51-59.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist

Notes

  • S1284 - Global total (all populations combined) estimated at 2,280,000 breeding females (748).
  • S8355 - 149,207-454,529 breeding females in BY, DE, DK, EE, FI, FR, LT, LV, NL, NO, PL, RU, SE, UK (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 101-160 females in HR and UA, this yields 450,000-1,370,000 breeding in Europe. Numbers in W Siberia little known. Tertickiy et al. (1999) estimated 4,200,000-7,000,000 individuals in the YNAA, which Lappo et al. (2012) considered to be an overestimate. 1,600-1,700 females on Vaigach (Morozov, 1999).
  • T6355 - Breeding numbers are decreasing in almost every country except LT, where increasing, BY, RU where fluctuating and LV where unknown (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Verkuil et al. (2012) raised the possibility that the observed decline in Europe is the result of range shift.
  • S9044 - 265,391-1,653,224 pairs with a drastically increased 1,600,000 estimate for European RU.
  • T7153 - Breeding numbers are decreasing in almost every country except LT, where increasing, BY, RU where fluctuating and LV where unknown (BirdLIfe International 2015). Verkuil et al. (2012) raised the possibility that the observed decline in Europe is the result of range shift.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on