Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Scolopacidae
Scientific name Gallinago hardwickii Common name Latham's Snipe
Population name E Asia (bre)
Breeding range Japan, Kuril Is, S Sakhalin, E Pimorskiy Non-breeding range E Australia
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Asia Oceania

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
EAAF Partnership

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1999 1999 25,000 100,000 No quality assessment [R249]
WPE 4 1999 1999 25,000 100,000 No quality assessment [R249]
WPE 1 1992 1992 36,000 36,000 No quality assessment [R689]
WPE 2 1992 1992 36,000 36,000 No quality assessment [R689]
WPE 5 1999 1999 25,000 100,000 Expert opinion [S6548]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1900 1985 DEC No quality assessment [R249]
WPE 4 1900 1985 DEC No quality assessment [R249]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1990 1999 DEC Reasonable [R267]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 1000
WPE 4 2002 1000
WPE 1 1994 360
WPE 2 1994 360
WPE 5 2002 1000


  • R249 - Garnett, S.T. and Crowley, G.M. 2000. The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000. Environment Australia, Canberra.
  • R689 - Watkins, D. 1993. A National Plan for Shorebird Conservation in Australia. Report to World Wide Fund for Nature. Prepared by the Australasian Wader Studies Group.
  • R267 - Green, A.J. 1992a. The status and conservation of the White-winged Wood Duck (Cairina scutulata). IWRB Special Publication No. 17. Slimbridge, UK. 115 pp.
  • R1833 - Hansen, B.D., Fuller, R.A., Watkins, D., Rogers, D.I., Clemens, R.S., Newman, M., Woehler, E.J. and Weller, D.R. (2016) Revision of the East Asian-Australasian Flyway population estimates for 37 listed migratory shorebird species. Unpublished report for the Department of the Environment. BirdLife Australia, Melbourne, Victoria. https://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/publications/revision-east-asian-australasian-flyway-population-2016
  • R1986 - Ura, T., A. Takemae, H. Tajiri, S. Nakamura, S. Hayama, K. Ohata, T. Tomioka 2018. Estimating the breeding population of Latham’s Snipe in Hokkaido. Japan Ornithological Conference, 14-17 September 2018, Niigata University, Niigata. [in Japanese]
  • R1916 - Clemens R, Driessen J, Ehmke G (2019) 'Australian Bird Index Phase 2 – Developing Waterbird Indices for National Reporting'. Report to the Department of the Environment and Energy, Canberra.


  • S6548 - Estimate and trend retained from WPE4; not reassessed due to lack of new information. Ongoing comprehensive analysis by University of Queensland is anticipated to shortly provide a reassessment. Population generally occurs at low density, aggregations of up to a few hundred birds occur at a small number of sites on non-breeding grounds.
  • S9631 - Estimate is based on extrapolated counts.
  • S9715 - Revised from previous estimate of 36,000 (Garnett and Crowley, 2000), based on expert opinion estimate (based on extrapolated counts in breeding range) by Hansen et al. (2016).
  • T7944 - In the main breeding area, in Hokkaido, JP (Ura et al. 2018) report a decline. This compares to short-term upward trajectory for 2012-2017 in AU, the main non-breeding area (Clemens et al., 2019).

Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on