Population information

Order name Gruiformes
Family name Gruidae
Scientific name Grus grus Common name Common Crane
Population name grus, Eastern Europe/Turkey, Middle East & NE Africa
Breeding range NE Europe, W Russia S & W of Urals Non-breeding range Turkey, SW Asia to SW Iran, Iraq, NE Africa
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia Europe
Notes Morphologically distinct form, proposed as G.g. archibaldi, described in Shirak province, Armenia, in 2008. (Ilyashenko 2008)

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1987 1991 20,000 20,000 [R519]
WPE 2 1995 1995 35,000 35,000 [R443]
WPE 3 1995 1995 35,000 35,000 [R443]
WPE 4 1995 1995 35,000 35,000 [R443]
WPE 5 2010 2010 80,000 80,000 Census based [S5930] [R1272] [R1273]
CSR 4 1995 1995 35,000 35,000 Census based [R443]
CSR 5 1995 1995 35,000 35,000 Census based [R443] [R869]
CSR 6 1990 2010 80,000 127,000 Expert opinion [S8279] [R63] [R1272] [R1469]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1987 1991 INC [R519]
WPE 2 1985 1995 DEC [R443]
WPE 3 1985 1995 DEC [R443]
WPE 4 1985 1995 DEC [R443]
WPE 5 0 0 Unknown No idea [T4008]
CSR 4 1995 1995 DEC Reasonable
CSR 5 0 0 Unknown Poor [T116] [R888]
CSR 6 1990 2010 INC Poor [T6279] [R63] [R1469]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 200
WPE 2 1997 350
WPE 3 2002 350
WPE 4 2006 350
WPE 5 2012 800
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R519 - Perennou, C.P., Mundkur, T. and Scott, D.A. 1994. The Asian Waterfowl Census 1987-1991: distribution and status of Asian waterfowl. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 24; AWB Spec. Publ. No. 86. Slimbridge, UK and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • R443 - Meine, C.D. and Archibald, G.W. (eds.). 1996. The Cranes: status survey and conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 294 pp.
  • R1272 - Nowald, G., Schr?der, W., G?nther, V. and Aynalem A. 2010: Common Cranes Grus grus in Ethiopia. Vogelwelt 131: 169-174.
  • R1273 - Ilyashenko, E. and Markin, Y. 2012. In litt.
  • R869 - ?.?.?????????. ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????????. ??????? ???????????????? ?????? 2008, ??? 17, ????????-?????? 412: 559-562. Ilyashenko, V. Y. 2008. The new form of crane from Trans-Caucasus. The Russian Journal of Ornitology n?17, Express-issue 412: 559-562.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1469 - Shanni, I., Labinger, Z., & Alon, D. (2012). A review of the crane-agriculture conflict, Hula Valley, Israel. CRANES, AGRICULTURE, AND CLIMATE CHANGE, 100.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist

Notes

  • S5930 - Nowald et al.(2010) counted about 60.000 Eurasian Cranes in Ethiopia..
  • T4008 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1997-2007: +2.3% p.a. ? Uncertain.
  • T116 - 898. Trend 1997-2007: +2.3% p.a. – Uncertain.
  • S8279 - Birdlife International (2004) estimated the size of the population breeding in RU, BY and UA at 26,500-42,300 pairs, i.e. 80,000-127,000 individuals. Considering that Nowald et al (2010) counted about 60,000 individuals in Ethiopia and at the same time around 35,000 individuals also wintered in Israel in 2010 (Shanni et al., 2012), the breeding numbers could be proved to be correct.
  • T6279 - BirdLife International (2004) estimated the trend of the Russian breeding population 0-19% increase during the period of 1990-2000. Shanni (2012) indicated an increase from a few hundred birds to 35,000 in the Hula Valley in Israel and suggests that this only partly due to range shift.
  • S8952 - Birdlife International (2015) estimated the size of the population breeding in RU, BY and UA at 26,500-42,300 pairs, i.e. 80,000-127,000 individuals, which agrees with their previous estimate. Considering that Nowald et al (2010) counted about 60,000 individuals in Ethiopia and at the same time around 35,000 individuals also wintered in Israel in 2010 (Shanni et al., 2012), the breeding numbers could be proved to be correct.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on