Population information

Order name Gruiformes
Family name Gruidae
Scientific name Grus grus Common name Common Crane
Population name grus, North-east & Central Europe/North Africa
Breeding range NE Europe Non-breeding range Algeria, Tunisia, Libya
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1993 1993 10,000 100,000 [R665]
WPE 2 1995 1995 60,000 60,001 [R443]
WPE 3 1996 1996 70,000 70,000 [R283]
WPE 4 2002 2002 90,000 90,000 [R451]
WPE 5 2002 2002 90,000 90,000 Census based [R451]
CSR 4 2002 2002 90,000 90,000 Census based [R451]
CSR 5 2002 2002 90,000 90,000 Census based [R451]
CSR 6 2000 2012 170,000 280,000 Expert opinion [S8278] [R1362] [R1467]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1982 1992 DEC [R665]
WPE 2 1985 1995 INC [R443]
WPE 3 1985 1995 STA [R443]
WPE 4 1990 2000 INC [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 INC Reasonable [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 INC Reasonable [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 INC Reasonable [R63]
CSR 6 2000 2012 INC Reasonable [T6278] [R1362]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 0 -1
WPE 2 1997 600
WPE 3 2002 600
WPE 4 2006 900
WPE 5 2012 900
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R665 - Unpublished information provided by IWRB Specialist Research Groups
  • R443 - Meine, C.D. and Archibald, G.W. (eds.). 1996. The Cranes: status survey and conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 294 pp.
  • R283 - Hagemeijer, W.J.M. and Blair, M.J. (eds). (1997). The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T. and A.D. Poyser, London.
  • R451 - Mewes, W., G. Nowald and H. Prange (2003): Kraniche - Mythen, Forschung, Fakten. Karlsruhe.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1467 - Végvári, Z. in litt. 2014
  • R1578 - Ilyashenko, E. I. (2016). Estimated number of cranes (Gruiformes, Gruidae) in Northern Eurasia at the beginning of the 21st century. Biology Bulletin, 43(9), 1048-1051.

Notes

  • S8278 - Total of the national estimatesadd up to 56,528-92,798 pairs in FI, EE, LT, LV, PL, CZ and SK (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep.), thus, based on the breeding numbers, the population size can be estimated at 170,000-278,000 individuals. This is significantly larger than the current estimate of 90,000 birds. However, the autumn peak counts at the Hortobágy National Park staging area in Hungary exceeded the 100,000 individuals in 5 out of 7 years between 2007 and 2013. In addition, satellite telemetry data shows that part of the Estonian breeding population follows a more easterly route through Turkey to Ethiopia. As the population is defined for the breeding season, the new estimate should be also based on the breeding numbers.
  • T6278 - 2000-2012: 6.85-10.77% p.a. increase, 1980-2012: 4.95-6.28% increase (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on