Population information

Order name Gruiformes
Family name Gruidae
Scientific name Grus grus Common name Common Crane
Population name grus, North-west Europe/Iberia & Morocco
Breeding range Scandinavia, N Continental Europe Non-breeding range France, Iberia, Morocco
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 -1 -1
WPE 2 1995 1995 60,000 70,000 [R443]
WPE 3 1996 1996 75,000 75,000 [R283]
WPE 4 2001 2001 150,000 150,000 [S130] [R451]
WPE 5 2006 2010 240,000 240,000 Census based [R1271]
CSR 4 2002 2002 150,000 150,000 Census based
CSR 5 2006 2010 230,000 230,000 Census based [S132] [R877]
CSR 6 2012 2014 310,000 320,000 Census based [S8277] [R1362] [R63] [R1271] [R1488]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1982 1992 INC [R665]
WPE 2 1985 1995 INC [R443]
WPE 3 1985 1995 INC [R443]
WPE 4 1990 2000 INC [R63]
WPE 5 1995 2005 INC Reasonable [T4006] [R888]
CSR 4 1990 2000 INC Reasonable
CSR 5 1995 2005 INC Reasonable [T107] [R888]
CSR 6 2003 2012 INC Reasonable [T6277] [R1381]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 700
WPE 2 1997 650
WPE 3 2002 750
WPE 4 2006 1500
WPE 5 2012 2400
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R665 - Unpublished information provided by IWRB Specialist Research Groups
  • R443 - Meine, C.D. and Archibald, G.W. (eds.). 1996. The Cranes: status survey and conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 294 pp.
  • R283 - Hagemeijer, W.J.M. and Blair, M.J. (eds). (1997). The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T. and A.D. Poyser, London.
  • R451 - Mewes, W., G. Nowald and H. Prange (2003): Kraniche - Mythen, Forschung, Fakten. Karlsruhe.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1271 - Mewes, W., Prange, H. and Nowald, G. (in prep.): Current status of the Common Crane in Germany: Breeding, resting and colour banding. In: Nowald, G. and Fanke, J. (eds.): Proceedings of the VII European Crane Conference 2010, Stralsund.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R877 - European Crane Network: http://champagne-ardenne.lpo.fr/grues/e_synthese_migration_grue_09_10C.htm
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1488 - Prange, H. (in prep) Distribution and Migration of the Common Crane – an Overall View
  • R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
  • R1578 - Ilyashenko, E. I. (2016). Estimated number of cranes (Gruiformes, Gruidae) in Northern Eurasia at the beginning of the 21st century. Biology Bulletin, 43(9), 1048-1051.

Notes

  • S130 - 64 estimate (both European populations) 74,000-110,000 pairs (222,000 - 330,000 individuals).
  • T4006 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1991-2005: +5.5% p.a. ? Increase.
  • S132 - 887. Five year average of peak winter counts in Spain, France and Germany, January 2006-2010 totals 227,000.
  • T107 - 898. Trend 1991-2005: +5.5% p.a. – Increase.
  • S8277 - Cranes visit wetlands for roosting or drinking. Therefore, only special counts designed accordingly and covering all their key roosting sites would produce reliable population size estimates. The numbers reported through the IWC process represent only a fraction of the total population. 28,133-47,152 pairs reported to the EU Birds Directive Art. 12 process from SE, DE, DK, FR, NL and the UK. According to BirdLife Intrenational (2004), NO holds also 1,000-3,000 pairs. Thus the total is 29,133-50,152 pairs, i.e. 87,400-150,500 individuals based on breeding numbers. This is substantially less than the 216,908-269,908 wintering birds reported from ES, FR and PT, but significant number of birds migrate to these wintering area from further east. 100,000-120,000 individuals were reported on migration from PL (Lawicki in litt, 2014). The latter estimate matches roughly with the estimate of 240,000 individuals produced by crane specialists (Mewes, Prange, & Nowald, 2010), but less than the latest estimate of 310,000-320,000 individuals (Prange, in prep.).
  • T6277 - Nagy et al. (2014) reported +3.58±0.84% for the period of 1988-2012 and +9.23±2.43% for the period of 2003-2012 based on IWC data.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on