|Scientific name||Aythya ferina||Common name||Common Pochard|
|Population name||Central & NE Europe/Black Sea & Mediterranean|
|Breeding range||Central & NE Europe||Non-breeding range||Central Europe, Black Sea, Mediterranean|
|Red List Category||Vulnerable|
|Ramsar regions||Africa Asia Europe|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Minimum||Maximum||Estimate quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 1||0||0||1,250,000||1,250,000||No quality assessment||[R456]|
|WPE 2||1990||1995||1,000,000||1,000,000||No quality assessment||[R578]|
|WPE 3||1995||1996||1,100,000||1,100,000||No quality assessment||[R181]|
|WPE 4||0||0||1,000,000||1,000,000||No quality assessment||[R692]|
|WPE 5||1995||2005||800,000||800,000||Expert opinion||[R692]|
|CSR 4||1995||2005||800,000||800,000||Expert opinion||[R692]|
|CSR 5||1995||2005||800,000||800,000||Expert opinion||[R692]|
|CSR 6||2007||2011||570,000||630,000||Expert opinion||[S8547]||[R578] [R1365] [R692] [R1371]|
|CSR 7||2007||2011||570,000||630,000||Expert opinion||[S8547]||[R578] [R1365] [R692] [R1371]|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Trend||Trend quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 1||1967||1986||DEC||No quality assessment||[R456]|
|WPE 2||1974||1994||DEC||No quality assessment||[R578]|
|WPE 3||1987||1996||INC||No quality assessment||[R181]|
|WPE 4||1993||2002||DEC||No quality assessment||[T3610]||[R692]|
|CSR 6||2000||2012||DEC||Reasonable||[T6541]||[R1381] [R1362] [R1361]|
Population 1% level
|CSR 4||-1||-1||Not Set|
|CSR 5||-1||-1||Not Set|
|CSR 6||-1||-1||Not Set|
- R456 - Monval, J-Y. and Pirot, J-Y. 1989. Results of the IWRB International Waterfowl Census 1967-1986. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 8. Slimbridge, UK.
- R578 - Scott, D.A. and Rose, P.M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International Publication No. 41. Wetlands International, Wageningen, NL. 336 pp.
- R181 - Delany, S.N., Reyes, C. Hubert, E., Pihl, S., Rees, E., Haanstra, L., and van Strien, A. 1999. Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and 1996.
- R692 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2005. See: http://www.wetlands.org/listmenu.aspx?id=56f39008-f9a9-4569-92c1-a0457e95eeaf
- R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
- R904 - Wetlands International. November 2007. Unpublished population trend analysis based on the IWC database of January counts in Europe using TRIM software.
- R1365 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2014.
- R1371 - Dodman, T. 2014. Status, Estimates and Trends of Waterbird Populations in Africa: AEWA-listed African populations. Wetlands International. (CSR6 African populations) URL: https://www.wetlands.org/publications/1304/
- R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
- R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
- R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
- R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. URL: http://iwc.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends
- T3610 - 700: Population in Central Europe stable 1974-2002, decreasing moderately 1993-2002. Data quality less good in Mediterranean, but decreasing trend estimated in both East and West Mediterranean regions between 1993 and 2002.
- T6098 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1983-2007: -2.2% p.a. ? Significant long-term decline.
- T3611 - 914. Continuing long-term decrease.
- T3612 - 898. Trend 1983-2007: -2.2% p.a. â€“ Significant long-term decline.
- S8547 - The previous population estimate of 800,000 individuals was established based on a a review of IWC data up to 2005 (Wetlands International, 2005) in CSR4. However, the IWC count totals have further decreased since then. The average annual count total was 239,025 individuals during the period of 2006-2010 and the total of the site-level 5-year-means was 379,385 individuals during the period of 2008-2012. Scott & Rose (1996) have estimated 600,000 birds for the Black Sea - East Mediterranean based on a peak count of 277,187 in Jan. 1993. Since then the max. count total was 442,662 in Jan. 1999. However, following that counts have decreased substantially and the average count total for this region was only 144,267 individuals. However, the 5-year mean was 285,696 individuals and with accounting for unsurveyed areas such as MD and EG, the population in this region is estimated to be in the range of 300,000-350,000 individuals. In Central Europe, the average count total is 75,116 individuals for the same period and the 5-year mean is 76,921 individuals, indicating a consistent coverage. However, this is only half of the 150,000 birds reported by Scott & Rose (1996). In the West Mediterranean, the average count total is 116,504 individuals and the 5-year mean is 140,033 with a recent peak count of 182,000 in 2008. Accounting for missing counts, the population is estimated around 200,000 individuals. Thus, the overall estimate for the population can be estimated around 570,000-630,000 individuals.
- T6541 - The IWC trend analysis indicates a significant long-tem decline (Nagy et al., 2014). This agrees with the overall trend calculated from the trend estimates for wintering birds in ES, FR, IT, CH, AT, SI, HU, SK, GR, BG, RO, TR, CY, UA and BY (2000-2012: 0.9529-0.9950, 1980-2012: 0.9836-1.0001, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
Copyright Wetlands International 2012 Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on