Population information

Order name Anseriformes
Family name Anatidae
Scientific name Anas platyrhynchos Common name Mallard
Population name platyrhynchos, Eastern Europe/Black Sea & East Mediterranean
Breeding range E Europe Non-breeding range Black Sea, E Mediterranean
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 4,000,000 4,000,000 [R456]
WPE 2 1990 1995 2,250,000 2,250,000 [R578]
WPE 3 1995 1996 2,000,000 2,000,000 [R181]
WPE 4 1995 1996 2,000,000 2,000,000 [R181]
WPE 5 1995 1996 2,000,000 2,000,000 Expert opinion [R181]
CSR 4 1995 1996 2,000,000 2,000,000 Expert opinion [R181]
CSR 5 1995 1996 2,000,000 2,000,000 Expert opinion [R181]
CSR 6 2003 2012 1,500,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [S8531] [R578] [R456] [R1365] [R1362] [R1496]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1967 1986 DEC [R456]
WPE 2 1974 1994 DEC [R578]
WPE 3 1987 1996 DEC [R181]
WPE 4 1991 2000 STA? [T3378] [R692]
WPE 5 1997 2007 DEC Good [T6000] [R888]
CSR 4 1996 2005 DEC Good
CSR 5 1997 2007 DEC Good [T3380] [R888]
CSR 6 2003 2012 STA/FLU Poor [T6527] [R1381]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 20000
WPE 2 1997 20000
WPE 3 2002 20000
WPE 4 2006 20000
WPE 5 2012 20000
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R456 - Monval, J-Y. and Pirot, J-Y. 1989. Results of the IWRB International Waterfowl Census 1967-1986. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 8. Slimbridge, UK.
  • R578 - Scott, D.A. and Rose, P.M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International Publication No. 41. Wetlands International, Wageningen, NL. 336 pp.
  • R181 - Delany, S.N., Reyes, C. Hubert, E., Pihl, S., Rees, E., Haanstra, L., and van Strien, A. 1999. Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and 1996.
  • R692 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2005. See: http://www.wetlands.org/listmenu.aspx?id=56f39008-f9a9-4569-92c1-a0457e95eeaf
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R1365 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2014.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1496 - Meininger & Atta 1994
  • R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. Temporary URL: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/r76f4eyuhzu65co/AADzzQkhySsUDsmwFJUcHs91a?dl=0

Notes

  • T3378 - 700: Trend 1991-2000 apparently almost stable.
  • T6000 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1983-2007: -4.7% p.a. ? Significant long-term decline.
  • T3380 - 898. Trend 1983-2007: -4.7% p.a. – Significant long-term decline.
  • S8531 - The current population size estimate was adopted in WPE3 based on count totals of 267,478 and 383,105 for the East Mediterranean. It occurs in small numbers in EG. Meininger & Atta (1994) counted 5,453 in 1989/90. The estimate represents a downward revision from 2,500,000 birds estimated by Scott and Rose (1996) by dividing the estimate of 4,000,000 birds estimated by Monval and Pirot (1989). Simply adding up the numbers reported to the EU Birds Directive Art. 12 process from the EU MSs (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep.) and complementing them with the most recent average count data results in a total of 700,000-1,000,000 individuals. The total of 144,069 individuals reported from GE in January 2014 indicate that a significant proportion of the population remain unaccounted for in the mid-winter counts. After accounting for missing counts, the IWC counts suggest the presence of 940,000-1,480,000 birds on sites where the species regularly occurs during the period of 2008-2012 and an estimate 1,500,000 would be also consistent with the c. 25% decline detected since 1995 when the previous estimate was made.
  • T6527 - Nagy et al. (2014). On average, actual counts contributed only 28% to the adjusted totals. Therefore its results should be used with caution, but it shows that an apparent strong declines continues in this population in the long-term. However, the trend in the short-term is rather fluctuating.
  • T6929 - The new trend analysis shows that the population has recovered from the earlier long-term decline reported in earlier editions of the WPE and CSR until 2011.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on