|Scientific name||Anas platyrhynchos||Common name||Mallard|
|Population name||platyrhynchos, Eastern Europe/Black Sea & East Mediterranean|
|Breeding range||E Europe||Non-breeding range||Black Sea, E Mediterranean|
|Red List Category||Least Concern|
|Ramsar regions||Africa Asia Europe|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Minimum||Maximum||Estimate quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 1||0||0||4,000,000||4,000,000||No quality assessment||[R456]|
|WPE 2||1990||1995||2,250,000||2,250,000||No quality assessment||[R578]|
|WPE 3||1995||1996||2,000,000||2,000,000||No quality assessment||[R181]|
|WPE 4||1995||1996||2,000,000||2,000,000||No quality assessment||[R181]|
|WPE 5||1995||1996||2,000,000||2,000,000||Expert opinion||[R181]|
|CSR 4||1995||1996||2,000,000||2,000,000||Expert opinion||[R181]|
|CSR 5||1995||1996||2,000,000||2,000,000||Expert opinion||[R181]|
|CSR 6||2003||2012||1,500,000||1,500,000||Expert opinion||[S8531]||[R578] [R456] [R1365] [R1362] [R1496]|
|CSR 7||2003||2012||1,500,000||1,500,000||Expert opinion||[S9146]||[R1549] [R1548]|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Trend||Trend quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 1||1967||1986||DEC||No quality assessment||[R456]|
|WPE 2||1974||1994||DEC||No quality assessment||[R578]|
|WPE 3||1987||1996||DEC||No quality assessment||[R181]|
|WPE 4||1991||2000||STA?||No quality assessment||[T3378]||[R692]|
Population 1% level
|CSR 4||-1||-1||Not Set|
|CSR 5||-1||-1||Not Set|
|CSR 6||-1||-1||Not Set|
- R456 - Monval, J-Y. and Pirot, J-Y. 1989. Results of the IWRB International Waterfowl Census 1967-1986. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 8. Slimbridge, UK.
- R578 - Scott, D.A. and Rose, P.M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International Publication No. 41. Wetlands International, Wageningen, NL. 336 pp.
- R181 - Delany, S.N., Reyes, C. Hubert, E., Pihl, S., Rees, E., Haanstra, L., and van Strien, A. 1999. Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and 1996.
- R692 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2005. See: http://www.wetlands.org/listmenu.aspx?id=56f39008-f9a9-4569-92c1-a0457e95eeaf
- R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
- R1365 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2014.
- R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
- R1496 - Meininger & Atta 1994
- R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
- R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
- R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. URL: http://iwc.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends
- T3378 - 700: Trend 1991-2000 apparently almost stable.
- T6000 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1983-2007: -4.7% p.a. ? Significant long-term decline.
- T3380 - 898. Trend 1983-2007: -4.7% p.a. â€“ Significant long-term decline.
- S8531 - The current population size estimate was adopted in WPE3 based on count totals of 267,478 and 383,105 for the East Mediterranean. It occurs in small numbers in EG. Meininger & Atta (1994) counted 5,453 in 1989/90. The estimate represents a downward revision from 2,500,000 birds estimated by Scott and Rose (1996) by dividing the estimate of 4,000,000 birds estimated by Monval and Pirot (1989). Simply adding up the numbers reported to the EU Birds Directive Art. 12 process from the EU MSs (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep.) and complementing them with the most recent average count data results in a total of 700,000-1,000,000 individuals. The total of 144,069 individuals reported from GE in January 2014 indicate that a significant proportion of the population remain unaccounted for in the mid-winter counts. After accounting for missing counts, the IWC counts suggest the presence of 940,000-1,480,000 birds on sites where the species regularly occurs during the period of 2008-2012 and an estimate 1,500,000 would be also consistent with the c. 25% decline detected since 1995 when the previous estimate was made.
- T6527 - Nagy et al. (2014). On average, actual counts contributed only 28% to the adjusted totals. Therefore its results should be used with caution, but it shows that an apparent strong declines continues in this population in the long-term. However, the trend in the short-term is rather fluctuating.
- S9146 - The IWC count totals were around 346,000-808,000 individuals between 2011-2015 (Wetlands International 2017). BirdLife International (2015) estimated the wintering numbers at 475,562-1,119,722 for the period 2000-2014 Russia not included where near 400,000 individuals were counted in recent years. Considering the large amount of missing count, the current estimate is retained.
- T6929 - The new trend analysis shows that the population has recovered from the earlier long-term decline reported in earlier editions of the WPE and CSR until 2011.
Copyright Wetlands International 2012 Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on