Population information

Order name Anseriformes
Family name Anatidae
Scientific name Anas platyrhynchos Common name Mallard
Population name platyrhynchos, Northern Europe/West Mediterranean
Breeding range N Europe Non-breeding range C Europe, W Mediterranean
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 2 1990 1995 1,000,000 1,000,000 [R578]
WPE 3 1990 1995 1,000,000 1,000,000 [R578]
WPE 4 1990 1995 1,000,000 1,000,000 [R578]
WPE 1 0 0 -1 -1
WPE 5 1990 1995 1,000,000 1,000,000 Expert opinion [R578]
CSR 4 1990 1995 1,000,000 1,000,000 Expert opinion [R578]
CSR 5 1990 1995 1,000,000 1,000,000 Expert opinion [R578]
CSR 6 0 0 1,300,000 1,500,000 Census based [S8530] [R1365] [R1362] [R1361]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 2 1974 1994 INC [R578]
WPE 3 1987 1996 DEC? [R181]
WPE 4 1996 2002 DEC? [T3372] [R692]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1997 2007 INC Reasonable [T5999] [R888]
CSR 4 1996 2005 INC Reasonable
CSR 5 1997 2007 INC Reasonable [T3374] [R888]
CSR 6 2003 2012 INC Reasonable [T6526] [R1381] [R1362] [R1361]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 2 1997 10000
WPE 3 2002 10000
WPE 4 2006 10000
WPE 1 0 -1
WPE 5 2012 10000
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R578 - Scott, D.A. and Rose, P.M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International Publication No. 41. Wetlands International, Wageningen, NL. 336 pp.
  • R181 - Delany, S.N., Reyes, C. Hubert, E., Pihl, S., Rees, E., Haanstra, L., and van Strien, A. 1999. Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and 1996.
  • R692 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2005. See: http://www.wetlands.org/listmenu.aspx?id=56f39008-f9a9-4569-92c1-a0457e95eeaf
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R1365 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2014.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. Temporary URL: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/r76f4eyuhzu65co/AADzzQkhySsUDsmwFJUcHs91a?dl=0

Notes

  • T3372 - 700. Central European population well-monitored and in long-term decline; trends in W Mediterranean apparently increasing modestly.
  • T5999 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1983-2007: -0.3% p.a. ? Decline. Modest increase since mid 1990s since count coverage improved.
  • T3374 - 898. Trend 1983-2007: -0.3% p.a. – Decline. Modest increase since mid 1990s since count coverage improved.
  • S8530 - Count totals have increased rapidly in the region. Since 2005, count totals have exceeded the current population size estimate of 1,000,000 individuals with the exception of 2011 and 2012 from which years no data is available from Spain that supports over 230,000 Mallards in winter (Wetlands International, 2014). The wintering population estimates reported from PT, ES, FR, ES, FR (70%), CH, DE (30%), CZ, PL (50%), AT, HR, SI, IT, MT and HU add up to 1,328,002-1,486,124 individuals (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International, et al., in prep). This value is within the range of the imputed values and 1,300,000-1,500,000 is adopted as new population estimate.
  • T6526 - The trend analysis based on IWC data both in the short- and the long-term shows moderate increase (Nagy et al., in prep.). The overall trend based on changes in national wintering bird populations in PT, ES, FR, ES, FR (70%), CH, DE (30%), CZ, PL (50%), AT, HR, SI, IT, MT and HU show stable or fluctuating trend (2000-2012: -1.88% - +1.12% p.a., 1980-2012: -0.03% - +0.45% p.a., European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on