|Scientific name||Anas platyrhynchos||Common name||Mallard|
|Population name||platyrhynchos, North-west Europe|
|Breeding range||N Europe||Non-breeding range||NW Europe E to the Baltic|
|Red List Category||Least Concern|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Minimum||Maximum||Estimate quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 5||1995||1996||4,500,000||4,500,000||Expert opinion||[R181]|
|CSR 4||1995||1996||4,500,000||4,500,000||Expert opinion||[R181]|
|CSR 5||1995||1996||4,500,000||4,500,000||Expert opinion||[R181]|
|CSR 6||2000||2012||4,500,000||4,500,000||Expert opinion||[S8529]||[R181] [R456] [R1365] [R1362] [R1361] [R63]|
|CSR 7||2000||2012||4,200,000||6,700,000||Expert opinion||[S9074]||[R1549] [R1548]|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Trend||Trend quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 5||1997||2007||Unknown||No idea||[T5997]|
|CSR 5||1997||2007||Unknown||Poor||[T3369]||[R859] [R888]|
|CSR 6||2003||2012||STA||Poor||[T6525]||[R1381] [R1362] [R1437] [R1361] [R1480]|
Population 1% level
- R456 - Monval, J-Y. and Pirot, J-Y. 1989. Results of the IWRB International Waterfowl Census 1967-1986. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 8. Slimbridge, UK.
- R181 - Delany, S.N., Reyes, C. Hubert, E., Pihl, S., Rees, E., Haanstra, L., and van Strien, A. 1999. Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and 1996.
- R692 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2005. See: http://www.wetlands.org/listmenu.aspx?id=56f39008-f9a9-4569-92c1-a0457e95eeaf
- R859 - EBCC PECBMS data accessed March 2011: http://www.ebcc.info/index.php?ID=387
- R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
- R1365 - Wetlands International, International Waterbird Census, unpublished data, 2014.
- R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
- R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
- R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
- R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
- R1437 - Dalby, L., SÃ¶derquist, P., Christensen, T. K., Clausen, P., Einarsson, Ã., Elmberg, J., ... & LindstrÃ¶m, Ã . (2013). The status of the Nordic populations of the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) in a changing world. Ornis Fennica, 90(1), 2.
- R1480 - Christensen, T.K. & Fox, A.D. 2014. Changes in age and sex rations amongst samples of hunter-shot wings from common duck species in Denmark 1982-2010. European Journal of Wildlife Research 60:303-312.
- R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
- R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. URL: http://iwc.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends
- T3366 - 700: Population in NW Europe has recovered from low point in 1997, but overall trends still of moderate decrease, both in the long term (1974-2002) and medium term (1993-2002). Increases around the Baltic may have compensated to a small extent for these declines (183).
- T5997 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1983-2007: -0.6% p.a. ? Decline. EBCC/PECBMS 2011: Moderate increase in Europe (not significant >5% p.a.) 1980-2008. Noted that this may have been influenced by releases by hunters.
- T3369 - 898. Trend 1983-2007: -0.6% p.a. â Decline. 869: Moderate increase in Europe (not significantly >5% p.a.) 1980-2008. Noted that this may have been influenced by releases by hunters.
- S8529 - The current population estimate of 4,500,000 individuals is based on (Delany et al., 1999) and represents a downward revision of the earlier estimate of 5,000,000 individuals (Monval & Pirot, 1989). However, the mean of the annual IWC count totals was only 1,413,083 individuals for 2008-2012. The sum of the national estimates of wintering birds is 2,631,645-2,894,712 individuals in the above-mentioned countries (Wetlands International, 2014). However, these totals include various degrees of extrapolations (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). The size of the breeding population estimated in the EU Member States in N Europe is 1,336,550-2,151,610 pairs (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.) and an additional 50,000-85,000 is estimated for NO and IS (BirdLife International, 2004). This yields an estimate for (part of) the breeding population of 4,100,000-6,700,000 individuals.
- T6525 - The trend analysis based on the IWC data shows a significant long-term decline and moderate decline in the short-term. The overall trend derived from the national estimates of wintering birds from IS, IE, UK, FR (70%), BE, NL, LU, DE, DK, PL, NO, SE, FI, EE, LV, LT also shows similar patterns (2000-2012: 0.9706-0.9944, 1980-2012: 0.9877-0.9947, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). However, Dalby et al. (2013) showed that the apparent decline is likely to be due that part of the population is wintering in areas not covered well by the IWC in NE Europe. Christensen & Fox (2014) have found also no significant decline in proportion of young birds.
- S9074 - 1,390,900-2,243,710 pairs in BE, DE, DK, EE, FI, FO, IE, IS, LT, LU, LV, NL, NO, PL, SE, UK (BirdLife International 2015). IWC count totals varied between 1,324,000-1,581,000 individuals during 2011-2015 (Wetlands International 2017).
Copyright Wetlands International 2012 Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on