Population information

Order name Gaviiformes
Family name Gaviidae
Scientific name Gavia immer Common name Common Loon
Population name North America
Breeding range N USA, Canada and Alaska Non-breeding range Coastal regions, Great Lakes and Southern states
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions North America
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
No conservation frameworks
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 575,000 575,000 [R277]
WPE 4 0 0 607,000 634,000 [S4794] [R225]
WPE 2 0 0 500,000 500,000 [R440]
WPE 1 0 0 500,000 500,000 [R440]
WPE 5 0 0 607,000 635,000 Expert opinion [R1064]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1920 1989 STA/DEC [R439]
WPE 4 1920 1989 STA/DEC [R439]
WPE 2 1966 1996 INC [R565]
WPE 1 1977 1987 INC [R440]
WPE 5 0 0 No idea [T5884] [R1064]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 5800
WPE 4 2006 6200
WPE 2 1997 5000
WPE 1 1994 5000
WPE 5 2012 6200

References

  • R277 - Groves, D.J., Conant, B., King, R.J., Hodges, J.I. and King, J.G. 1996. Status and trends of Loon populations summering in Alaska 1971-1993. The Condor 98: 189-195.
  • R439 - McIntyre J.W., and J.F. Barr. 1997. Common Loon (Gavia immer). In The Birds of North America, No. 313 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and the American Ornithologists? Union, Washington, DC.
  • R225 - Evers, D.C., 2004. Status Assessment and Conservation Plan for the Common Loon (Gavia immer) in North America. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Hadley, MA.
  • R440 - McIntyre, J.W. 1988. The Common Loon: Spirit of northern lakes. Univ. Minnesota Press, Mpls. pp. 59-64; 150-155.
  • R565 - Sauer, J.R., Schwartz, S., Peterjohn, B.G. and Hines, J.E. 1996. The North American Breeding Bird Survey Home Page. Version 94.3 Natl. Biol. Serv., Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel MD. URL: http://www.mbr.nbs.gov/bbs/bbs.html.
  • R1064 - Evers, D.C., Paruk, J.D., Mcintyre, J.W. and Barr, J.F. 2010. Common Loon (Gavia immer), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.bird

Notes

  • S4794 - 228: 607,000-634,000 estimated in early summer survey.
  • T5884 - Winter counts suggest a slight increase



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on