Population information

Order name Gaviiformes
Family name Gaviidae
Scientific name Gavia immer Common name Common Loon
Population name Europe (win)
Breeding range N America, Greenland, Iceland, Bear Island Non-breeding range Coastal NW Europe
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Europe North America
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 5,000 5,000 [R389]
WPE 2 0 0 5,000 5,000 [R389]
WPE 3 0 0 5,000 5,000 [R389]
WPE 4 0 0 5,000 5,000 [R389]
WPE 5 1985 2000 5,000 5,000 Expert opinion [R389]
CSR 4 1985 2000 5,000 5,000 Expert opinion [R389]
CSR 5 1985 2000 5,000 5,000 Expert opinion [R389]
CSR 6 1997 2012 5,000 5,000 Expert opinion [S8519] [R1362] [R1361]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 4 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 6 2000 2012 DEC Reasonable [T6516] [R1381] [R1362] [R1361]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 50
WPE 2 1997 50
WPE 3 2002 50
WPE 4 2006 50
WPE 5 2012 50
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R389 - Lack, P. 1986. The Atlas of Wintering Birds in Britain and Ireland. T. and A.D. Poyser, Calton. 447 pp.
  • R66 - BirdLife International Website 2002
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1381 - Nagy, S., Flink, S., Langendoen, T. (2014) Waterbird trends 1988-2012: Results of trend analyses of data from the International Waterbird Census in the African-Eurasian Flyway. Wetlands International, Ede.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International.

Notes

  • S8519 - The FYM is 802 individuals for the period of 2008-2012. However, the total of national estimates of wintering populations in CH, ES, FR, IE, IS, SE and the UK is 4,047-4,265 individuals (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • T6516 - Although the trend based on the IWC shows large increase both in the short- and long-term, IWC counts are not representative enough to estimate the trends reliably. Wintering numbers declined in IE, UK and ES (i.e. the bulk of the European wintering population) and were stable in CH, SE and IS, fluctuated in FR. Overall trend for 2000-2012: 09514-0.9541 and for 1980-2012: 1.0153-1.0175 (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • T6778 - Although the trend based on the IWC shows large increase both in the short- and long-term (Wetlands International 2017), IWC counts are not representative enough to estimate the trends reliably. Wintering numbers declined in IE, UK and ES (i.e. the bulk of the European wintering population) and were stable in CH, SE and IS, fluctuated in FR (BirdLife International 2015)



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on