Population information

Order name Gaviiformes
Family name Gaviidae
Scientific name Gavia arctica Common name Arctic Loon
Population name arctica, Northern Europe & Western Siberia/Europe
Breeding range N Europe & W Siberia Non-breeding range Coastal NW Europe, Mediterranean, Black & Caspian Seas
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 100,000 1,000,000 [R69]
WPE 1 0 0 120,000 120,000 [R382]
WPE 2 0 0 120,000 120,000 [R382]
WPE 4 1990 2000 250,000 500,000 [S4781] [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 250,000 500,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 250,000 500,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 250,000 500,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 6 1990 2012 250,000 500,000 Best guess [S8517] [R1362] [R887]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 DEC [R283]
WPE 1 1978 1987 STA [R382]
WPE 2 1978 1987 STA [R382]
WPE 4 1990 2000 DEC [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Poor [T6514] [R1362]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 10000
WPE 1 1994 1200
WPE 2 1997 1200
WPE 4 2006 3750
WPE 5 2012 3500
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R283 - Hagemeijer, W.J.M. and Blair, M.J. (eds). (1997). The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T. and A.D. Poyser, London.
  • R382 - Koskimies, P. 1992. Population sizes and recent trends of breeding birds in Nordic countries. Bird Census News 5 (3): 41-79.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R887 - Wetlands International, 2006. Edited by Simon Delany and Derek Scott. Waterbird Population Estimates 4th edition. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1550 - Wetlands International. 2006. Waterbird Population Estimates - Fourth Edition. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Notes

  • S4781 - 64: European breeding population 51,000 - 92,000 pairs (153,000 - 276,000 individuals). Assuming that similar numbers breed in W Siberia as in European Russia (35,000-70,000 pairs), overall total 258,000-486,000 individuals.
  • S8517 - 17,499-20,371 pairs in FI, LT, LV, SE and UK (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 37,015-75,030 pairs in NO, BY and European RU (BirdLife International, 2004). Delany and Scott (1996) assumed further 35,000-70,000 pairs in West Siberia
  • T6514 - New trend information is available only from the EU MS, but this represents only a small proportion of the population compared to RU and NO. Trend based on wintering birds in Europe is stable both in the short- and long-term (2000-2012: 0.9938-1.0134, 1980-2012: 0.9963-1.0041; European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.)
  • S8822 - 88,790-155,750 breeding pairs in Europe (BirdLife International 2015). Wetlands International (2006) assumed further 35,000-70,000 pairs in West Siberia.
  • T6777 - BirdLife International (2015) has assessed the short-term European population to be decreasing and the European one to be stable. No information is available from the siberian part of the range.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on