Population information

Order name Gaviiformes
Family name Gaviidae
Scientific name Gavia stellata Common name Red-throated Loon
Population name North-west Europe (win)
Breeding range Arctic and boreal West Eurasia, Greenland Non-breeding range NW Europe
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 75,000 75,000 [R382]
WPE 2 0 0 75,000 75,000 [R201]
WPE 3 0 0 100,000 1,000,000 [R579]
WPE 4 1990 2000 150,000 450,000 [S4770] [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 150,000 450,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 150,000 450,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 150,000 450,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 6 1990 2012 150,000 450,000 Best guess [S8515] [R1362] [R1361]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1978 1987 DEC [R382]
WPE 2 1978 1987 DEC [R382]
WPE 3 1978 1987 DEC [R382]
WPE 4 1990 2000 STA [T3078] [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 STA Poor
CSR 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63]
CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Poor [T6512] [R1362] [R63]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 750
WPE 2 1997 750
WPE 3 2002 10000
WPE 4 2006 3000
WPE 5 2012 2600
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R382 - Koskimies, P. 1992. Population sizes and recent trends of breeding birds in Nordic countries. Bird Census News 5 (3): 41-79.
  • R201 - Durinck, J., Skov, H., Jensen, F.P. and Pihl, S. 1994. Important marine areas for wintering birds in the Baltic Sea. EU DG XI research contract no. 224/90-09-01, Ornis Consult Report, Copenhagen. 110 pp.
  • R579 - Scott, D.A. in press, 2002. Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area. Update Report to African Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement Secretariat
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.

Notes

  • S4770 - 64: European breeding population 32,000 - 92,000 pairs (96,000 - 276,000 individuals). Assuming that similar numbers breed in W Siberia as in European Russia (20,000-50,000 pairs), overall total 156,000-426,000 individuals.
  • T3078 - Large decline 1970-1990 apparently levelled off in 1990s.
  • S8515 - 3,056-5,006 pairs in FI, SE, IE and UK (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 7,518-36,021 pairs in FO, GL, IS, NO and SJ (BirdLife International, 2004), i.e. 10,574-41,027 pairs (31,700-123,000 individuals after rounding) and 20,000-50,000 pairs in European RU and similar numbers were assumed for West Siberia by Delany and Scott (2006), which is roughly agrees with the estimate for RU (50,000-100,000 individuals) in del Hoyo (2014). National wintering population estimates from the EU MSs add up to 42,285-43,585 individuals (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • T6512 - Decreased in the UK, increased in FI and IE, stable in SE. No recent trend data from GL, NO, SJ and IS yet in BirdLife International et al. (in prep.), but overall trend was stable in the period of 1990-2000 (BirdLife International, 2004).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on