Population information

Order name Pelicaniformes
Family name Pelecanidae
Scientific name Pelecanus onocrotalus Common name Great White Pelican
Population name Europe & Western Asia (bre)
Breeding range E Europe, W Asia Non-breeding range NE Africa, SW Asia
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes This population includes the previous Black Sea/E med and Caspian breeding populations combined. (WPE2)

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 100,000 100,000 [R179]
WPE 4 0 0 20,100 32,900 [R160]
WPE 2 0 0 70,000 70,000 [R161]
WPE 3 0 0 20,100 32,900 [R160]
WPE 5 2000 2000 20,000 33,000 Expert opinion [R160]
CSR 4 2000 2000 20,000 33,000 Expert opinion [R160]
CSR 5 2000 2000 20,000 33,000 Expert opinion [R160]
CSR 6 1990 2012 37,000 37,000 Census based [S8508] [R1362] [R1361] [R1386] [R1387] [R1388]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1982 1992 DEC [R665]
WPE 4 1985 2005 DEC [R668]
WPE 2 1986 1996 DEC [R667]
WPE 3 1991 2001 DEC [R604]
WPE 5 1996 2006 DEC Reasonable [T5794] [R888]
CSR 4 1985 2005 DEC Poor
CSR 5 1996 2006 DEC Reasonable [T2846] [R888]
CSR 6 1990 2012 STA/INC Reasonable [T6505] [R1387] [R1388] [R63] [R1361] [R1362]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 1000
WPE 4 2006 270
WPE 2 1997 700
WPE 3 2002 270
WPE 5 2012 260
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R179 - del Hoyo, J., Elliott A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Editions, Barcelona.
  • R665 - Unpublished information provided by IWRB Specialist Research Groups
  • R160 - Crivelli, A.J. Catsadorakis, G. Hatzilacou, D., Hulea, D., Malakou, M., Marinov, M., Michev, T., Nazirides, T., Peja, N., Sarigul, G. and Siki, M. 2000. Status and population development of Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus and Dalmatian Pelican P. crispus breeding in the palearctic. Pp 38-46 In: Yesou, P. and Sultana, J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th Medmarvis Symposium, Gozo, Malta. Environment Protection Department, Malta
  • R668 - Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 2006.
  • R161 - Crivelli, A.J., Leshem, Y., Michev, T. and Jerrentrup, H. 1991. Where do Palearctic great white pelicans presently overwinter? Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 46, 145-171.
  • R667 - Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 1997.
  • R604 - Specialist]] Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 2002.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1386 - Leshem, Y., & Yom‐Tov, Y. (1996). The magnitude and timing of migration by soaring raptors, pelicans and storks over Israel. Ibis, 138(2), 188-203.
  • R1387 - Alon, D., Granit, B., Shamoun-Baranes, J., Leshem, Y., Kirwan, G. M., & Shirihai, H. (2004). Soaring-bird migration over northern Israel in autumn. British Birds, 97(4), 160-182.
  • R1388 - Israel Ornithological Centre. 2009. Israel Northern Valleys Migration Survey 2009. URL: http://www.google.nl/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCMQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.israbirdcenter.org%2Fresearch%2FSurvey2009.doc&ei=bKIyVJGGO8Tg7QblhIH4AQ&usg=AFQjCNFTWoLyF0AM-c2cM23biaJ9FhcM4w&sig2=SqnensBbduizB_AQC-eElA&bvm=bv.76802529,d.ZGU
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1553 - Alexandrou, O., Catsadorakis, G. & Portolou, D. 2016. First simultaneous census of Pelicans in Southeastern Europe. 8th Congress of the Hellenic Ecological Society. 20-23 October 2016, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece. Proceedings. P. 218. URL: http://helecos-8.web.auth.gr/sites/default/files/Helecos-PROGRAMME-ABSTRACTS-FINAL.pdf

Notes

  • T5794 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1991-2006: -8.0% p.a. ? Decline.
  • T2846 - 898. Trend 1991-2006: -8.0% p.a. – Decline.
  • S8508 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep.) and BirdLife International et al. (in prep.) report 4,866-5,555 pairs for GR, RO, RU, TR, UA, i.e. 14,600-16,700 individuals. However, this does not take account of the birds breeding in Central Asia. In the early 1990s, the total Western Palearctic population was estimated at 7,345-10,500 pairs, i.e. 22,000-31,500 individuals. Numbers of P. onocrotalus migrating through Israel was estimated at 70,000 individuals in the late 1980s (Leshem et al. 1996) and, on average, 37,000 between 1990-1999 (Alon et al. 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009). Therefore, a new estimate of 37,000 is proposed.
  • T6505 - No evidence of decline during migration in the 1990s and 2000s (Alon 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009). European population overall stable or increasing (BirdLife International, 2004, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International, in prep.).
  • S8833 - BirdLIfe International (2015) estimated the European breeding population to be 4,866-5,555 pairs, i.e. c. 15,000-17,000 individuals. This is probably an underestimate as the 1st SE European Pelican Census has recorded 22,944 individuals on 7 May 2016 in the region which is only part of the European range of the species (Alexandrou 2016). It also does not take account of the birds breeding in Central Asia. In the early 1990s, the total Western Palearctic population was estimated at 7,345-10,500 pairs, i.e. 22,000-31,500 individuals. Numbers of P. onocrotalus migrating through Israel was estimated at 70,000 individuals in the late 1980s (Leshem et al. 1996) and, on average, 37,000 between 1990-1999 (Alon et al. 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009).
  • T6797 - No evidence of decline during migration in the 1990s and 2000s (Alon 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009). European population overall stable or increasing (BirdLife International, 2004, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International, in prep.).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on