Population information

Order name Pelicaniformes
Family name Pelecanidae
Scientific name Pelecanus onocrotalus Common name Great White Pelican
Population name Europe & Western Asia (bre)
Breeding range E Europe, W Asia Non-breeding range NE Africa, SW Asia
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia Europe
Notes This population includes the previous Black Sea/E med and Caspian breeding populations combined.

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 100,000 100,000 No quality assessment [R179]
WPE 4 0 0 20,100 32,900 No quality assessment [R160]
WPE 2 0 0 70,000 70,000 No quality assessment [R161]
WPE 3 0 0 20,100 32,900 No quality assessment [R160]
WPE 5 2000 2000 20,000 33,000 Expert opinion [R160]
AEWA CSR 4 2000 2000 20,000 33,000 Expert opinion [R160]
AEWA CSR 5 2000 2000 20,000 33,000 Expert opinion [R160]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2012 37,000 37,000 Census based [S8508] [R1362] [R1361] [R1386] [R1387] [R1388]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2014 37,000 37,000 Census based [S8833] [R1549] [R1553] [R1386] [R1387] [R1388]
AEWA CSR 8 2008 2019 34,000 72,000 Expert opinion [S9363] [R1625] [R1628]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1982 1992 DEC No quality assessment [R665]
WPE 4 1985 2005 DEC No quality assessment [R668]
WPE 2 1986 1996 DEC No quality assessment [R667]
WPE 3 1991 2001 DEC No quality assessment [R604]
WPE 5 1996 2006 DEC Reasonable [T5794] [R888]
AEWA CSR 4 1985 2005 DEC Poor
AEWA CSR 5 1996 2006 DEC Reasonable [T2846] [R888]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2012 STA/INC Reasonable [T6505] [R1387] [R1388] [R63] [R1361] [R1362]
AEWA CSR 7 1990 2016 INC Reasonable [T6797] [R1549] [R1387]
AEWA CSR 8 2009 2018 INC Reasonable [T7470] [R1625]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 1000
WPE 4 2002 270
WPE 2 1997 700
WPE 3 2002 270
WPE 5 2012 260
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 370
AEWA CSR 8 2018 370

References

  • R179 - del Hoyo, J., Elliott A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Editions, Barcelona.
  • R665 - Unpublished information provided by IWRB Specialist Research Groups
  • R160 - Crivelli, A.J. Catsadorakis, G. Hatzilacou, D., Hulea, D., Malakou, M., Marinov, M., Michev, T., Nazirides, T., Peja, N., Sarigul, G. and Siki, M. 2000. Status and population development of Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus and Dalmatian Pelican P. crispus breeding in the palearctic. Pp 38-46 In: Yesou, P. and Sultana, J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th Medmarvis Symposium, Gozo, Malta. Environment Protection Department, Malta
  • R668 - Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 2006.
  • R161 - Crivelli, A.J., Leshem, Y., Michev, T. and Jerrentrup, H. 1991. Where do Palearctic great white pelicans presently overwinter? Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 46, 145-171.
  • R667 - Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 1997.
  • R604 - Specialist]] Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 2002.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1386 - Leshem, Y., & Yom‐Tov, Y. (1996). The magnitude and timing of migration by soaring raptors, pelicans and storks over Israel. Ibis, 138(2), 188-203.
  • R1387 - Alon, D., Granit, B., Shamoun-Baranes, J., Leshem, Y., Kirwan, G. M., & Shirihai, H. (2004). Soaring-bird migration over northern Israel in autumn. British Birds, 97(4), 160-182.
  • R1388 - Israel Ornithological Centre. 2009. Israel Northern Valleys Migration Survey 2009. URL: http://www.google.nl/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCMQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.israbirdcenter.org%2Fresearch%2FSurvey2009.doc&ei=bKIyVJGGO8Tg7QblhIH4AQ&usg=AFQjCNFTWoLyF0AM-c2cM23biaJ9FhcM4w&sig2=SqnensBbduizB_AQC-eElA&bvm=bv.76802529,d.ZGU
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1553 - Alexandrou, O., Catsadorakis, G. & Portolou, D. 2016. First simultaneous census of Pelicans in Southeastern Europe. 8th Congress of the Hellenic Ecological Society. 20-23 October 2016, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece. Proceedings. P. 218. URL: http://helecos-8.web.auth.gr/sites/default/files/Helecos-PROGRAMME-ABSTRACTS-FINAL.pdf
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
  • R1628 - Kalyakin, M., Morkovin, A. Voltzit, O., Sklyarenko, S., Urazaliyev, R., Kashkarov, R., Ten, A, Rustamov, E (2020): Breeding population estimates for selected waterbirds in West Siberia and Central Asia. Unpublished reports. Wetlands International & BirdLife International, Wageningen & Cambridge (UK).

Notes

  • T5794 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1991-2006: -8.0% p.a. - Decline.
  • T2846 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1991-2006: -8.0% p.a. – Decline.
  • S8508 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep.) and BirdLife International et al. (in prep.) report 4,866-5,555 pairs for GR, RO, RU, TR, UA, i.e. 14,600-16,700 individuals. However, this does not take account of the birds breeding in Central Asia. In the early 1990s, the total Western Palearctic population was estimated at 7,345-10,500 pairs, i.e. 22,000-31,500 individuals. Numbers of P. onocrotalus migrating through Israel was estimated at 70,000 individuals in the late 1980s (Leshem et al. 1996) and, on average, 37,000 between 1990-1999 (Alon et al. 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009). Therefore, a new estimate of 37,000 is proposed.
  • T6505 - No evidence of decline during migration in the 1990s and 2000s (Alon 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009). European population overall stable or increasing (BirdLife International, 2004, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International, in prep.).
  • S8833 - BirdLIfe International (2015) estimated the European breeding population to be 4,866-5,555 pairs, i.e. c. 15,000-17,000 individuals. This is probably an underestimate as the 1st SE European Pelican Census has recorded 22,944 individuals on 7 May 2016 in the region which is only part of the European range of the species (Alexandrou 2016). It also does not take account of the birds breeding in Central Asia. In the early 1990s, the total Western Palearctic population was estimated at 7,345-10,500 pairs, i.e. 22,000-31,500 individuals. Numbers of P. onocrotalus migrating through Israel was estimated at 70,000 individuals in the late 1980s (Leshem et al. 1996) and, on average, 37,000 between 1990-1999 (Alon et al. 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009).
  • T6797 - The European population is increasing both in the short- and the long-term since 1980 (BirdLife International, 2015). No evidence of decline during migration in the 1990s and 2000s (Alon 2004, Israel Ornithological Centre, 2009).
  • S9363 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 11,463-24,090 pairs, or 34,000-72,000 individuals after rounding in GE, GR, RO, RU, TR, UA (BirdLife International, in prep.), UZ, KZ, UZ (Kalyakin et al., 2020) based on data from the period of 2008-2019.
  • T7470 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has increased by 83-213% in GR, RO, RU, UA between 2009 and 2018 and by 181-328% between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from GE, TR, UZ, KZ, UZ.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on