Population information

Order name Ciconiiformes
Family name Ardeidae
Scientific name Ardea cinerea Common name Grey Heron
Population name cinerea, Northern & Western Europe
Breeding range Europe W of and including Sweden, Germany, Switzerland, Italy; NW Africa Non-breeding range Some migration to S of breeding range
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1994 1994 400,000 500,000 [R70]
WPE 2 1994 1994 400,000 500,000 [R70]
WPE 4 0 0 263,000 286,000 [R431]
WPE 3 0 0 263,000 286,000 [R431]
WPE 5 2000 2000 263,000 286,000 Expert opinion [R431]
CSR 4 2000 2000 263,000 286,000 Expert opinion [R431]
CSR 5 2000 2000 263,000 286,000 Expert opinion [R431]
CSR 6 1990 2012 347,000 711,000 Census based [S8484] [R1362] [R1361] [R63] [R1371]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1983 1993 INC [R70]
WPE 2 1983 1993 INC [R70]
WPE 4 1985 2005 INC [R668]
WPE 3 1991 2001 INC [R604]
WPE 5 1997 2007 INC Reasonable [T5385] [R888]
CSR 4 1990 2005 INC Reasonable
CSR 5 1997 2007 INC Reasonable [T2250] [R888]
CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Reasonable [T6479] [R1362] [R1361]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 4500
WPE 2 1997 4500
WPE 4 2006 2700
WPE 3 2002 2700
WPE 5 2012 2700
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R70 - BirdLife International/European Birds Census Council, European Birds Database. Accessed March 1994.
  • R431 - Marion, L. Ulenaers, P. and van Vessem, J. 2000. Herons in Europe. Pp 1-31 in: Heron Conservation (James.A. Kushlan and Heinz Hafner, Eds.). Academic Press, London.
  • R668 - Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 2006.
  • R604 - Specialist]] Unpublished information supplied by Wetlands International Specialist Groups, 2002.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1371 - Dodman, T. 2014. Status, Estimates and Trends of Waterbird Populations in Africa: AEWA-listed African populations. Wetlands International. (CSR6 African populations) URL: https://www.wetlands.org/publications/1304/
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. Temporary URL: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/r76f4eyuhzu65co/AADzzQkhySsUDsmwFJUcHs91a?dl=0

Notes

  • T5385 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1990-2007: +2.2% p.a. ? Increase
  • T2250 - 898. Trend 1990-2007: +2.2% p.a. – Increase
  • S8484 - Total number of breeding pairs is 115,654-236,871 pairs, i.e. 347,000-711,000 individuals (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Less than 300 birds breed in North Africa (Dodman, 2014).
  • T6479 - Overall trend for breeding pairs 2000-2012: -0.89% - 0.52% p.a., 1980-2012: +1.75 - +2.25% (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • S8841 - Total number of breeding pairs is 115,754-237,071 pairs, i.e. 347,000-711,000 individuals BirdLife International 2015). Less than 300 birds breed in North Africa (Dodman, 2014).
  • T6810 - Both the breeding (BirdLife International 2015) and wintering (Wetlands International 2017) numbers are stable.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on