Population information

Order name Pelicaniformes
Family name Phalacrocoracidae
Scientific name Microcarbo pygmaeus Common name Pygmy Cormorant
Population name South-west Asia
Breeding range SW & C Asia Non-breeding range SW Asia, Caspian
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1987 1991 5,000 5,000 No quality assessment [R519]
WPE 2 1987 1991 5,000 5,000 No quality assessment [R519]
WPE 3 0 0 25,000 100,000 No quality assessment [R579]
WPE 4 0 0 25,000 100,000 No quality assessment [R579]
WPE 5 1996 1996 25,000 100,000 Best guess [R579]
AEWA CSR 4 1996 1996 25,000 100,000 Best guess [R579]
AEWA CSR 5 1996 1996 25,000 100,000 Best guess [R579]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2006 70,000 115,000 Expert opinion [S8467] [R1392] [R63]
AEWA CSR 7 1990 2017 70,000 115,000 Expert opinion [S8906]
AEWA CSR 8 1996 2019 40,000 59,000 Expert opinion [S9370] [R1625] [R1628] [R1619]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1977 1991 DEC No quality assessment [R519]
WPE 2 1977 1991 DEC No quality assessment [R519]
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2000 INC Reasonable [R1392]
AEWA CSR 7 1990 2015 INC? Reasonable [T6808] [R1548]
AEWA CSR 8 2008 2017 INC? Reasonable [T7475] [R1628] [R1619]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 50
WPE 2 1994 50
WPE 3 2002 1000
WPE 4 2002 1000
WPE 5 2002 1000
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2002 1000
AEWA CSR 8 2002 1000

References

  • R519 - Perennou, C.P., Mundkur, T. and Scott, D.A. 1994. The Asian Waterfowl Census 1987-1991: distribution and status of Asian waterfowl. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 24; AWB Spec. Publ. No. 86. Slimbridge, UK and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • R579 - Scott, D.A. in press, 2002. Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area. Update Report to African Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement Secretariat
  • R66 - BirdLife International Website 2002
  • R1392 - Kreuzberg-Mukhina, E. 2008. Distribution and population trends of pygmy cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmaeus in central Asia, with particular reference to the Republic of Uzbekistan. Podoces, 3, 53-66.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. URL: http://iwc.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
  • R1628 - Kalyakin, M., Morkovin, A. Voltzit, O., Sklyarenko, S., Urazaliyev, R., Kashkarov, R., Ten, A, Rustamov, E (2020): Breeding population estimates for selected waterbirds in West Siberia and Central Asia. Unpublished reports. Wetlands International & BirdLife International, Wageningen & Cambridge (UK).
  • R1619 - Nagy, S. & Langendoen, T. (2020) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2018. Online publication. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands. URL: http://iwc.test.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends8

Notes

  • S8467 - Kreuzberg-Mukhina (2008) estimated the Central Asian population at 15,000-25,000 pairs. Another 8,200-12,400 pairs in AM and AZ (BirdLife International, 2004).
  • S8906 - See CSR6 and Sheldon (2017).
  • T6808 - The IWC trend is rather uncertain, but it does not contradict the earlier assessment of Kreuzberg-Mukhina (2008) and therefore the long-term trend is presented here.
  • S9370 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 13,175-19,756 pairs, or 40,000-59,000 individuals after rounding in AM, AZ (BirdLife International, in prep.), TM, KZ, UZ based on data from the period of 1996-2019 (Kalyakin et al., 2020). The highest annual IWC count total between 2014–2018 was 14,396 individuals (Nagy & Langendoen, 2020). The latest estimate is much lower for C. Asia than Kreuzberg-Mukhina’s (2008).
  • T7475 - No short-term breeding population trend estimate is available. Based on Kalyakin et al. (2020), it is estimated that the breeding population has increased by 39-48% in TM, KZ between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from AM, AZ and UZ. Based on IWC data, Nagy & Langendoen (2020) reported uncertain population trends for 1993-2017 (1.0319), 2003-2017 (0.9509) and 2008-2017 (1.1086). Based on the smoothed imputed totals, the population has decreased by 58% (p < 0.05) in 14 years, i.e. in 3 generations.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on