Population information

Order name Pelicaniformes
Family name Phalacrocoracidae
Scientific name Microcarbo pygmaeus Common name Pygmy Cormorant
Population name Black Sea & Mediterranean
Breeding range SE Europe, Turkey Non-breeding range
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 40,000 40,000 No quality assessment [R257]
WPE 4 2005 2005 60,000 81,000 No quality assessment [S3288] [R64]
WPE 1 1994 1994 25,000 25,000 No quality assessment [R70]
WPE 2 1994 1994 25,000 25,000 No quality assessment [R70]
WPE 5 2005 2005 23,000 37,000 Expert opinion [R64]
AEWA CSR 4 2000 2000 23,000 37,000 Expert opinion
AEWA CSR 5 2005 2005 23,000 37,000 Expert opinion [R64]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2012 77,000 96,000 Expert opinion [S8466] [R1362] [R1361] [R63]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2014 83,000 106,000 Expert opinion [S8840] [R1549]
AEWA CSR 8 2007 2019 91,000 110,000 Expert opinion [S9369] [R1625] [R1619]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1995 2000 STA? No quality assessment [R68]
WPE 4 1995 2005 INC No quality assessment [R64]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1997 2007 STA/INC No idea [T5249] [R888]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2005 STA/INC Poor [T2026] [R904]
AEWA CSR 5 1997 2007 STA/INC Poor [T2029] [R888]
AEWA CSR 6 2000 2012 INC Poor [T6464] [R1362] [R1361]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2015 INC Reasonable [T6807] [R1549] [R1548]
AEWA CSR 8 2009 2018 INC Reasonable [T7474] [R1625] [R1619]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 400
WPE 4 2006 700
WPE 1 1994 250
WPE 2 1994 250
WPE 5 2012 290
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 940
AEWA CSR 8 2018 940

References

  • R257 - Gilissen, N., Haanstra, L. and Delany, S. Boere, G. and Hagemeijer, W. 2002. Numbers and Distribution of Wintering Waterbirds in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia in 1997, 1998 and 1999 - Results from the International Waterbird Census. Wetlands International Globale Series No. 11, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • R68 - BirdLife International. (2000). Threatened Birds of the World. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife international
  • R64 - BirdLife International. 2005. Threatened birds of the world 2005. Species factsheets available at www.birdlife.org
  • R70 - BirdLife International/European Birds Census Council, European Birds Database. Accessed March 1994.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R904 - Wetlands International. November 2007. Unpublished population trend analysis based on the IWC database of January counts in Europe using TRIM software.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. URL: http://iwc.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
  • R1619 - Nagy, S. & Langendoen, T. (2020) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2018. Online publication. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands. URL: http://iwc.test.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends8

Notes

  • S3288 - The estimated European population is now 28,000-39,000 pairs (i.e. 84,000-117,000 individuals) with an estimated 11,500-14,000 breeding pairs in Romania (BirdLife International (2004b)). The estimated 8,000-12,000 breeding pairs in Azerbaijan have been subtracted from this population and are included in the SW Asia population.
  • T5249 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1993-2007: +1.8% p.a. - Uncertain.
  • T2026 - Wetlands International 2007. Increase in 1990s levelled off in 2000s, when range expanded into Central Europe.
  • T2029 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1993-2007: +1.8% p.a. – Uncertain.
  • S8466 - 23,192-28,982 pairs in AT, BG, GR, HU, IT, RO, RU, SK, TR and UA (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 2,568-3,072 pairs in AL, BA, HR, MK, MD, RS&ME (BirdLife International, 2004). Total of national estimates of wintering birds from BG. GR, IT, RO, SI, SK and TR is 17,834-34,708 individuals (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • T6464 - Increasing in every countries except UA where it fluctuates and SK, where trend is unknown. Overall trend is increasing both in the short-and the long-term (2000-2012: 1.0240-1.0469, 1980-2012: 1.0011-1.0058).
  • S8840 - 27,451-35,246 pairs in AL, AM, AT, BA, BG, GE, GR, HR, HU, IT, MD, ME, MK, RO, RS, RU, SK, TR and UA (BirdLife International 2015).
  • T6807 - Both the breeding (BirdLife International 2015) and the wintering numbers (Wetlands International 2017) are increasing.
  • S9369 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 30,312-37,499 pairs, or 91,000-110,000 individuals after rounding in AL, AM, AT, BA, BG, GE, GR, HR, HU, IT, MD, ME, MK, RO, RS, RU, SK, TR, UA based on data from the period of 2007-2019. The size of the wintering population is estimated at 39,000-110,000 individuals in AL, BA, BG, GE, GR, HR, IT, MD, ME, MK, RO, RS, SI, SK, TR, UA, HU based on data from the period of 2007-2019 (BirdLife International, in prep.). The highest annual IWC count total between 2014–2018 was 54,897 individuals (Nagy & Langendoen, 2020).
  • T7474 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has increased by 22-40% in AT, BA, BG, GR, HR, HU, IT, RS, UA, AL between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from AM, GE, MD, ME, MK, RO, RU, TR. It has increased by 55-78% in AT, BG, GR, HR, HU, IT, RO, RS, RU, UA, AL between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from AM, BA, GE, MD, ME, MK, TR. The wintering population has changed by -18-43% in GR, HR, IT, MK, RO, SI, AL between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, BG, GE, HU, MD, ME, RS, SK, TR, UA. It has increased by 181-214% in BG, GR, HU, IT, RO, RS, SI, SK, AL between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from BA, GE, HR, MD, ME, MK, TR, UA. Based on IWC data, Nagy & Langendoen (2020) reported increasing trends for each of the periods of 1992-2018, 2004-2018 and 2009-2018.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on