Population information

Order name Podicipediformes
Family name Podicipedidae
Scientific name Podiceps cristatus Common name Great Crested Grebe
Population name cristatus, Black Sea & Mediterranean (win)
Breeding range Central & E Europe Non-breeding range Black Sea, Mediterranean
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
CAF Action Plan

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 100,000 1,000,000 [R579]
WPE 4 1990 2000 580,000 870,000 [S3124] [R63]
WPE 1 1993 1993 25,000 1,000,000 [R665]
WPE 2 0 0 150,000 150,000 [R3]
WPE 5 1990 2000 580,000 870,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 580,000 870,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 580,000 870,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 6 1990 2012 397,000 638,000 Expert opinion [S8457] [R1362] [R1361] [R63]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1958 1983 INC [R179]
WPE 4 1990 2000 DEC [R63]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 DEC Poor [T1909] [R63] [R904]
CSR 5 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 6 1990 2000 STA Reasonable [T6455] [R63] [R1362]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 10000
WPE 4 2006 7250
WPE 1 0 -1
WPE 2 1997 1500
WPE 5 2012 7100
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1


  • R579 - Scott, D.A. in press, 2002. Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area. Update Report to African Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement Secretariat
  • R179 - del Hoyo, J., Elliott A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Editions, Barcelona.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R665 - Unpublished information provided by IWRB Specialist Research Groups
  • R3 - Adriaensen, F., Ulenaers, P. and Dhondt, A.A. 1993. Ringing recoveries and the increase in numbers of European great-crested grebes Podiceps cristatus. Ardea 81: 59-70.
  • R904 - Wetlands International. November 2007. Unpublished population trend analysis based on the IWC database of January counts in Europe using TRIM software.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1548 - Wetlands International (2017) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2015. Ede, The Netherlands: Wetlands International. Temporary URL: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/r76f4eyuhzu65co/AADzzQkhySsUDsmwFJUcHs91a?dl=0


  • S3124 - 64: Breeding population in relevant countries 193,322-290,850 pairs (579,960-872,550 individuals).
  • T1909 - 914. Increasing in W Mediterranean, decreasing in E Mediterranean/Black Sea.
  • S8457 - 18,900-35,800 pairs in SK, HU, RO and BG (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 113,422-176,950 pairs in RU (90%) , BY, UA, MD, GE, AM, GR, MK, AL, RS&ME, BA and HR (BirdLife International, 2004). This yields a population estimate of 397,000-638,000 individuals after rounding. Difference in estimate is caused by allocating FI, EE, LT, LV and PL to the NW & W European wintering population following the delineation on the Critical Site Network Tool.
  • T6455 - Decreased only in HR and TR, increased in BY and UA, stable or unknown in the rest of the breeding range (BirdLife International, 2004). Stable in SK, BG and SI, unknown in HU and RO (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep.).
  • S8828 - 156,645-238,670 pairs in AL, AM, BA, BG, BY, GE, GR, HR, HU, MD, ME, MK, RO, RS, RU, SI, SK, TR, UA and XK (BirdLife International 2015).
  • T6784 - The breeding population appears to be stable in all range states except MD in the short-term. In the long-term, trends are mostly unknow. Decline was reported from TR, increase from BY (BirdLife International 2015). The IWC trend analysis indicates continued increase both in the long- and the short-term although the latter is statistically not significant (Wetlands International 2017).

Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on