Population information

Order name Anseriformes
Family name Anatidae
Scientific name Oxyura leucocephala Common name White-headed Duck
Population name South Asia (non-bre)
Breeding range Central Asia Non-breeding range Pakistan
Red List Category Endangered
Ramsar regions Asia
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
CAF Action Plan
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1987 1991 300 300 [R519]
WPE 2 1987 1991 300 300 [R519]
WPE 3 0 0 10 10 [R128]
WPE 4 0 0 0 50 [S2949] [R412]
WPE 5 2000 2010 1 50 Best guess [S7504] [R412]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 1977 1991 DEC [R519]
WPE 2 1977 1991 DEC [R519]
WPE 3 1992 2002 DEC [R405]
WPE 4 1993 2003 DEC [T1821] [R411]
WPE 5 1993 2003 DEC [T5214] [R411]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 3
WPE 2 1997 3
WPE 3 2002 1
WPE 4 2006 1
WPE 5 2012 1

References

  • R519 - Perennou, C.P., Mundkur, T. and Scott, D.A. 1994. The Asian Waterfowl Census 1987-1991: distribution and status of Asian waterfowl. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 24; AWB Spec. Publ. No. 86. Slimbridge, UK and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • R128 - Chaudhry, A.A. 2002. White-headed Duck Survey in Pakistan; 2002. Wetlands International Report, Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia.
  • R405 - Li, David and Taej Mundkur, 2002. Status Overview and Recommendations for the White-headed Duck Central Asian Population. in press.
  • R412 - Li, Z.W.D., Mundkur, T., Kreuzberg-Mukhina, E.A., Yerokhov, S., Solokha, A., Ali, Z. and Chaudhry, A.A.in press 2005. Conservation of the White-headed Duck in Central and South Asia. Proceedings of the Waterbirds Around the World Conference, edinburgh, UK.
  • R411 - Li, Z.W.D. and Mundkur, T., 2003. Status Overview and Recommendations for Conservation of the White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala in Central Asia. Wetlands International Global Series 15, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Notes

  • S2949 - Population wintering in Pakistan declined from >1,000 in late 1960s to 733 in 1987, to 150 in early 1990s, 50 in late 1990s and 5 in 2001 (129). 418: Numbers recovered slightly and 33 and 24 were recorded in Pakistan in January 2003 and 2004 respectively.
  • T1821 - Population wintering in Pakistan declined from >1,000 in late 1960s to 733 in 1987, to 150 in early 1990s, 50 in late 1990s and 5 in 2001 (129). 418: Numbers recovered slightly and 33 and 24 were recorded n Pakistan in January 2003 and 2004 respectively.
  • S7504 - Population wintering in Pakistan declined from >1,000 in late 1960s to 733 in 1987, to 150 in early 1990s, 50 in late 1990s and 5 in 2001 (129). 418: Numbers recovered slightly and 33 and 24 were recorded in Pakistan in January 2003 and 2004 respectively.
  • T5214 - Population wintering in Pakistan declined from >1,000 in late 1960s to 733 in 1987, to 150 in early 1990s, 50 in late 1990s and 5 in 2001 (129). 418: Numbers recovered slightly and 33 and 24 were recorded n Pakistan in January 2003 and 2004 respectively.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on