Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Sternula saundersi Common name Saunders's Tern
Population name W South Asia, Red Sea, Gulf & Eastern Africa
Breeding range Red Sea S to S Somalia, Saudi, Omani coasts, Persian Gulf to NW India, Sri Lanka, Maldives Non-breeding range Red Sea S To Tanzania, Madagascar, E to India; Malaysian Peninsula?
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 40,000 40,000 [R222]
WPE 2 0 0 40,000 40,000 [R222]
WPE 3 0 0 40,000 40,000 [R222]
WPE 4 0 0 40,000 100,000 [S2656] [R222]
WPE 5 1992 1992 40,000 40,000 Expert opinion [R32] [R222]
CSR 4 1992 1992 40,000 40,000 Expert opinion [R32] [R222]
CSR 5 1992 1992 40,000 40,000 Expert opinion [R32] [R222]
CSR 6 2000 2012 12,000 12,100 Expert opinion [S8444] [R1330] [R1371] [R1503]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 4 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 6 1984 2009 STA? Poor [T6441] [R1330]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 400
WPE 2 1997 400
WPE 3 2002 400
WPE 4 2006 700
WPE 5 2012 400
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R222 - Evans, M. (pers. comm.). 1993. Data prepared for IWRB from BirdLife International/IWRB Middle East IBA project.
  • R32 - Balachandran, S., in litt. 2005.
  • R66 - BirdLife International Website 2002
  • R1330 - Jennings, M.C. 2010. Atlas of Breeding Birds of Arabia. Fauna of Arabia Vol. 25. Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Frankfurt, Germany and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • R1371 - Dodman, T. 2014. Status, Estimates and Trends of Waterbird Populations in Africa: AEWA-listed African populations. Wetlands International. (CSR6 African populations) URL: https://www.wetlands.org/publications/1304/
  • R1503 - Berhouzi-Rad (2013)

Notes

  • S2656 - 33: Indian population estimated at 40,000. Status in Malaysia and Thailand uncertain.
  • S8444 - Jennings (2010) estimated the total breeding population in Arabia at 4,000 pairs. Berhouzi-Rad (2013) reported only 3 pairs from IR. According to Dodman (2014) c. 20 pairs in EG.
  • T6441 - No clear evidence of decline during the ABBA survey period despite shoreline development and increasing predation by feral dogs and cats (Jennings, 2010).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on