Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Sterna paradisaea Common name Arctic Tern
Population name Western Eurasia (bre)
Breeding range Europe N of France, Scandinavia, Russia N of Arctic Non-breeding range Antarctic Ocean
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia Europe Neotropics Oceania
Notes In WPE2 this population belonged to one single population (Arctic (bre)/S Oceans (win)).

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 1,000,000 1,000,001 [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 [S2594] [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] [R178]
CSR 4 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] [R178]
CSR 5 1990 2000 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] [R178]
CSR 6 1990 2012 1,000,000 1,000,001 Best guess [S8442]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 4 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Poor [T6439]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 0 -1
WPE 4 0 -1
WPE 5 2012 20000
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R178 - del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • R66 - BirdLife International Website 2002
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1580 - Canadian Wildlife Service. 2015. Status of Birds in Canada 2014. URL: https://wildlife-species.canada.ca/bird-status/com-com-eng.aspx?sY=2014&sL=e

Notes

  • S2594 - 64: European breeding population 500,000-900,000 pairs (1,500,000-2,700,000 individuals). Numbers breeding in Arctic Siberia unknown. Birds wintering off South Africa almost exclusively of European origin (to White Sea (U11).
  • S8442 - European population is estimated to be 556,753-898,874 pairs, i.e. 1,600,000-2,700,000 individuals. However, this does not include part of Siberia up to the Lena delta and North-east Canada. where from no estimates are available. Therefore the class range of E.
  • T6439 - 2000-2012: 0.9764-1.0221, 1980-2012: 0.9920-1.0059. Declining mainly on the southern edge of the breeding range (DE, DK, NL, UK), but also increasing in EE, IE, SE, stable or fluctuating in FI, GL, RU and SJ. Unknown in IS and LV.
  • S8989 - 564,000–906,000 pairs in Europe (BirdLife International 2015). 100,000-200,000 breeding birds. Similar numbers are arrumed for RU.
  • T7072 - Unknown status in Canada and W Siberia



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on