Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Sterna hirundo Common name Common Tern
Population name hirundo, Northern & Eastern Europe (bre)
Breeding range S, W Europe Non-breeding range West African seaboard
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 460,000 820,000 [R579]
WPE 4 1990 2000 630,000 1,500,000 [S2572] [R63]
WPE 1 0 0 600,000 600,000 [R414]
WPE 2 0 0 600,000 600,000 [R414]
WPE 5 2009 2009 640,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [R837] [R878]
CSR 4 2000 2000 630,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion
CSR 5 2009 2009 640,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [R837] [R878]
CSR 6 1990 2013 640,000 1,500,000 Expert opinion [S8441] [R1362] [R1361] [R1502]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1980 1998 STA [R602]
WPE 4 1980 1998 STA [R602]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
CSR 4 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
CSR 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R602]
CSR 6 2000 2012 STA Reasonable [T6438]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 6400
WPE 4 2006 11000
WPE 1 1994 6000
WPE 2 1997 6000
WPE 5 2012 9800
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R579 - Scott, D.A. in press, 2002. Report on the Conservation Status of Migratory Waterbirds in the Agreement Area. Update Report to African Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement Secretariat
  • R602 - Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. (1998). The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Concise Edition. Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York. 1008 pp.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R414 - Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. 1991. The status of seabirds in Britain and Ireland. T. and A.D. Poyser, London, U.K. 355 pp.
  • R837 - Ledlie M and Derand GD 2010. Seabird news from Cousin. Seychelles Seabird Newsletter 6: 2-3.
  • R878 - Johannes Wahl in litt. 2008.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1502 - Habib, M. in litt. 2014
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist

Notes

  • S2572 - 64 estimate from relevant countries 211,051-497,671 pairs (633,153-1,493,013 individuals).
  • S8441 - 240,437-488,170 pairs in NO, SE, FI, EE, LT, LV, PL, DK, CZ, SK, AT, HU, SI, RO, BG, GR, UA, TR, RU and CY (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 1,000-1,800 pairs in HR, RS, ME, MK, AL, MD (BirdLife International, 2004). 270 pairs at Port Said, Egypt (Habib in litt. 2014). This yields an estimate of 724,000-1,464,000 individuals, which falls roughly within the limits of the former estimate.
  • T6438 - 2000-2012: 0.9763-1.0382, 1980-2012: 0.9914-1.0127 (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • S8988 - 255,313-527,836 pairs in NO, SE, FI, EE, LT, LV, PL, DK, CZ, SK, AT, HU, SI, RO, BG, GR, UA, TR, RU and CY (BirdLife International 2015). 270 pairs at Port Said, Egypt (Habib in litt. 2014).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on