Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Pagophila eburnea Common name Ivory Gull
Population name High Arctic
Breeding range Very high Arctic, NE Canada, N & E Greenland, Svalbard to New Siberian Is Non-breeding range
Red List Category Near Threatened
Ramsar regions Asia Europe North America
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 5,000 5,000 [R165]
WPE 2 0 0 5,000 5,000 [R165]
WPE 3 0 0 25,000 100,000 [R387]
WPE 4 0 0 10,000 100,000 [S2366] [R387]
WPE 5 0 0 15,000 25,000 [S7281] [R1020]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 0 0 DEC [R1020]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 50
WPE 2 1997 50
WPE 3 2002 1000
WPE 4 2006 1000
WPE 5 2012 190

References

  • R165 - Croxall, J.P., Evans, P.G.H. and Schreiber, R.W. (eds.). 1984. Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2. Cambridge, UK.
  • R387 - Kushlan, James, A., Melanie J. Steinkamp, Katharine Parsons, Jack Capp, Martin Acosta Cruz, Malcolm Coulter, Ian Davidson, Loney Dickson, Naomi Edelson, Richard Elliot, R. Michael Erwin, Scott Hatch, Stephen Kress, Robert Milko, Steve Miller, Kyra Mills, Richard Paul, Roberto Phillips, Jorge E. Saliva, Bill Sydeman, John Trapp, Jennifer Wheeler, and Kent Wohl. 2002. North American Waterbird Conservation Plan, Version 1. Waterbird Conservation for the Americas, Washington, DC, USA.
  • R1020 - BirdLife International. 2012e. Species factsheet: Pagophila eburnea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/04/2012.

Notes

  • S2366 - 393 estimated North American breeding population at >2,400 adults (>3,600 individuals). Greenland & European breeding population 3,100 - 11,000 pairs (9,300 - 33,000 individuals) (64). 508 records aerial estimates of up to 35,000+ between Canada and Greenland in 1978-79. 180 estimate possibly 25,000 pairs (75,000 individuals).
  • S7281 - Possible underestimate.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on