Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus ichthyaetus Common name Pallas's Gull
Population name Black Sea & Caspian/South-west Asia
Breeding range Black & Caspian Seas Non-breeding range S Caspian, E Mediterranean, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, E Africa
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 72,000 120,000 [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 25,000 1,000,000 [S2254] [R63]
WPE 1 1994 1994 70,000 120,000 [R70]
WPE 2 1994 1994 70,000 120,000 [R70]
WPE 5 1990 2000 100,000 1,000,000 Best guess [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 100,000 1,000,000 Best guess [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 100,000 1,000,000 Best guess [R63]
CSR 6 1990 2000 100,000 100,000 Expert opinion [S8418] [R1419] [R884] [R1420]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 INC [R283]
WPE 4 1990 2000 DEC [T1484] [R63]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1997 2007 INC? No idea [T5097] [R888]
CSR 4 1990 2000 INC Poor
CSR 5 1997 2007 INC? Poor [T1486] [R888]
CSR 6 2003 2012 Unknown No idea

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 960
WPE 4 0 -1
WPE 1 1994 950
WPE 2 1997 950
WPE 5 2012 10000
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R283 - Hagemeijer, W.J.M. and Blair, M.J. (eds). (1997). The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T. and A.D. Poyser, London.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R70 - BirdLife International/European Birds Census Council, European Birds Database. Accessed March 1994.
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R1419 - Gavrilov & Gavrilov (2005)
  • R884 - Schielzeth, H., Kamp, J., Eichhorn, G., Heinicke, T., Koshkin, M., Lachmann, L.., Sheldon, R. and Koshkin, A., 2010. Wader, gull and tern population estimates for a key breeding and stopover site in Central Kazakhstan. Bird Conservation International 20: 186-199. doi: 10.1017/S0959270910000031
  • R1420 - Sklyarenko, 2008

Notes

  • S2254 - 64: European breeding population 16,000 - 27,000 pairs (48,000 - 81,000 individuals). Asian portion of population unknown.
  • T1484 - 64: European breeding population decreased between 1990-2000.
  • T5097 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1992-2007: +1.6% p.a. ? Uncertain.
  • T1486 - 898. Trend 1992-2007: +1.6% p.a. – Uncertain.
  • S8418 - European breeding population 16,000 - 27,000 pairs (48,000 - 81,000 individuals). Delany and Scott (2006) has increased the estimate to 1,000,000 because the size of the population in Central Asia is unknown. However, Gavrilov & Gavrilov (2005) describes it as a rare breeder in KZ. Schielzeth et al. (2010) estimates 1,715 breeding pairs at Lake Tengiz, KZ. Further 2,351-5,098 pairs breed in IBAs (Sklyarenko, 2008). Considering the patchy distibution and tendency of concetrating, It is likely that IBAs cover a large proportion of the breeding population, the mid-point is estimated at 100,000 individuals.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on