|Scientific name||Larus fuscus||Common name||Lesser Black-backed Gull|
|Population name||intermedius, S Scandinavia, Netherlands, Ebro Delta, Spain|
|Breeding range||S Norway, W Sweden, Denmark, Germany, The Netherla||Non-breeding range||W Europe to W Africa|
|Red List Category||Least Concern|
|Ramsar regions||Africa Europe|
|Notes||Until WPE4, included within fuscus and graellsi.|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Minimum||Maximum||Estimate quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 4||0||0||325,000||440,000||No quality assessment||[S2250]||[R293]|
|WPE 5||1990||2000||325,000||440,000||Expert opinion||[R63] [R293]|
|AEWA CSR 4||1990||2000||325,000||440,000||Expert opinion||[R63] [R293]|
|AEWA CSR 5||1990||2000||325,000||440,000||Expert opinion||[R63] [R293]|
|AEWA CSR 6||2005||2013||566,000||699,000||Census based||[S8417]||[R1362] [R1361]|
|AEWA CSR 7||2005||2013||566,000||699,000||Census based||[S8971]||[R1549]|
|AEWA CSR 8||2013||2018||560,000||610,000||Census based||[S9482]||[R1625] [R1750]|
|Publication||Start year||End year||Trend||Trend quality||Notes||References||Actions|
|WPE 4||1990||2000||INC||No quality assessment||[R63]|
|AEWA CSR 4||1990||2000||INC||Poor||[R63]|
|AEWA CSR 5||1990||2000||INC||Poor||[R63]|
|AEWA CSR 6||2000||2012||INC||Reasonable||[T6416]||[R1362] [R1361]|
|AEWA CSR 7||2000||2012||INC||Reasonable||[R1549]|
|AEWA CSR 8||2009||2018||STA||Good||[T7626]||[R1625]|
Population 1% level
|AEWA CSR 4||-1||-1||Not Set|
|AEWA CSR 5||-1||-1||Not Set|
|AEWA CSR 6||-1||-1||Not Set|
|AEWA CSR 7||2018||6300|
|AEWA CSR 8||2018||6300|
- R293 - Hario, M. in press, 2006: Diurnal attendance of nominate Lesser Black-backed Gulls Larus f. fuscus at a Ugandan lake - implications for the conservation of a globally threatened subspecies. - Bird Conservation International.
- R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
- R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
- R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
- R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
- R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
- R1750 - Olsen, K. M. (2010). Gulls of Europe, Asia and North America. Bloomsbury Publishing.
- S2250 - 22,500- 38,700 pairs (67,500-116,100 individuals) in S Norway & Sweden belong to this form (Hario in press 2006). These + summed data from other relevant countries (BirdLife International (2004b)) result in estimate of 108,560-146,323 pairs (325,680-438,969 individuals).
- S8417 - 188,599-233,084 pairs in BE, DE, DK, NL, NO, SE (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
- T6416 - 2000-2012: 1.0095-1.0262, 1980-2012: 1.0218-1.0334 (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Increasing in all countries of its breeding range except NO and SE where it is decreasing.
- S8971 - 188,599-233,084 pairs in BE, DE, DK, NL, NO, SE.
- S9482 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 185,656-204,156 pairs, or 560,000-610,000 individuals after rounding in NO, BE, DE, DK, NL, SE based on data from the period of 2013-2018. Mixes and intergrade with L. f. graellsii. Estimates are calculated based on country allocations in the absence of subspecies-level estimates. Country allocations follow the reporting in under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive for 2008-2012 and include some L. f. graellsii in NL, DE and DK (Olsen, 2010).
- T7626 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has changed by -5-12% in BE, DE, DK, NL, SE between 2009 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from NO. In the long-term, it has increased in all range states but NO where it has decreased by 10-25%. As with population size, the trend cannot be legitimately assessed for this population through mid-winter counts.
Copyright Wetlands International 2012 Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on