Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus michahellis Common name Yellow-legged Gull
Population name Mediterranean, Iberia & Morocco
Breeding range W & S Europe, NW Africa Mediterranean Non-breeding range
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Europe
Notes Now treated by BOU as a separate species Larus michahellis.

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 630,000 768,000 [R682]
WPE 1 1994 1994 350,000 350,000 [R70]
WPE 4 0 0 630,000 768,000 [R682]
WPE 2 1994 1994 350,000 350,000 [R70]
WPE 5 2003 2003 630,000 768,000 Expert opinion [R682]
CSR 4 2003 2003 630,000 768,000 Expert opinion [R682]
CSR 5 2003 2003 630,000 768,000 Expert opinion [R682]
CSR 6 1990 2013 1,100,000 1,300,000 Expert opinion [S8414] [R1362] [R1361] [R63] [R1414]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 INC [R69]
WPE 1 1983 1993 INC [R70]
WPE 4 1990 2000 INC [R63]
WPE 2 1983 1993 INC [R70]
WPE 5 1990 2000 INC Poor [R69]
CSR 4 1990 2000 INC Poor [R69]
CSR 5 1990 2000 INC Poor [R69]
CSR 6 2000 2012 INC Poor [T6413] [R1362] [R1361]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 7000
WPE 1 1994 3500
WPE 4 2006 7000
WPE 2 1997 3500
WPE 5 2012 7000
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R682 - Vidal, E. Duhem, C., Beaubrun, P.C. and Yesou, P. (in press, 2002) Goeland leucophee Larus michahallis. In: Cadiou, B., Pons, J.M. and Yesou, P. (eds). Oiseaux marans nicheurs de France metropolitaine. Publication due Sept-Nov 2002.
  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R70 - BirdLife International/European Birds Census Council, European Birds Database. Accessed March 1994.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1414 - (Olsen, 2010)
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R428 - Malling Olsen, K. and Larsson, H. 2002. Gulls of Europe, Asia and North America. Helm and Princeton University Press.

Notes

  • S8414 - 349,675-414,182 pairs in AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, DE, ES, FR, GIB, GR, HU, IT, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SI, SK, TR (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 370-630 pairs in AL, MK, RS&ME (BirdLife International, 2004). Olsen &┬áLarsson accounts for c. 10,000 pairs from the southern and eastern Mediterranean. This yields an estimate of 1,100,000-1,300,000 individuals.
  • T6413 - Increase in the long-term (1980-2012: 1.0060-1.0086), but stable in the short-term (2000-2012: 0.9941-1.0076). However, decreasing only in GIB, stable or fluctuating in AT, BE, CY, FR, GR, HU, IT, PL, unknown in NL, PT, RO and increasing in all other countries (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • S8968 - 400,397-515,868 in Europe. Olsen &┬áLarsson accounts for c. 10,000 pairs from the southern and eastern Mediterranean.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on