Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus armenicus Common name Armenian Gull
Population name Armenia, Eastern Turkey & NW Iran
Breeding range Caucasus through Armenia to E Turkey, NW Iran Non-breeding range SE Black Sea, E Mediterranean, N Red Sea
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia Europe
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 30,000 30,000 No quality assessment [R555]
WPE 2 0 0 30,000 30,000 No quality assessment [R555]
WPE 3 0 0 69,000 75,000 No quality assessment [R557]
WPE 4 0 0 69,000 75,000 No quality assessment [R557]
WPE 5 1999 1999 69,000 75,000 Expert opinion [R557]
AEWA CSR 4 1999 1999 69,000 75,000 Expert opinion [R557]
AEWA CSR 5 1999 1999 69,000 75,000 Expert opinion [R557]
AEWA CSR 6 1999 1999 69,000 75,000 Expert opinion [R557]
AEWA CSR 7 2002 2013 59,000 85,000 Expert opinion [S8933] [R1569] [R1549]
AEWA CSR 8 2002 2019 62,000 94,000 Expert opinion [S9487] [R1625] [R1569] [R1619]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
AEWA CSR 6 2003 2012 Unknown No idea [T6411]
AEWA CSR 7 2003 2012 DEC Reasonable [T6985] [R1549] [R1559]
AEWA CSR 8 2009 2018 INC? Reasonable [T7631] [R1625] [R1619]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 300
WPE 2 1994 300
WPE 3 2002 720
WPE 4 2002 720
WPE 5 2002 720
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 700
AEWA CSR 8 2018 700

References

  • R555 - Rose, P.M. and Scott, D.A. 1994. Waterfowl Population Estimates. IWRB Publication 29. Slimbridge, UK.
  • R557 - Rufray, X. (2000) Present knowledge on the distribution and ecology of the Armenian Gull Larus armenicus. In Yesou, P. and Sultana, J. (eds) Proceedings of the 5th MEDMARAVIS Symposium, Floriana, Malta. Environment Protection Department
  • R66 - BirdLife International Website 2002
  • R1569 - Sheldon, R. 2017. Estimates of breeding waterbird populations in Central/SW Asia, The Caucasus and the Arabian Peninsula.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1559 - BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2017.
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.
  • R1619 - Nagy, S. & Langendoen, T. (2020) Flyway trend analyses based on data from the African-Eurasian Waterbird Census from the period of 1967-2018. Online publication. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands. URL: http://iwc.test.wetlands.org/index.php/aewatrends8

Notes

  • T6411 - No updated trend information is available yet.
  • S8933 - 19,000-29,000 pairs in AM, GE and TR (BirdLife International, 2015). Sheldon (2017) reports 530 pairs from IR. This yields a new estimate of 59,000-89,000 individuals.
  • T6985 - Reportedly, the European population undergoes a continuous decline (BirdLife International 2015) and the site where the species has been recorded breeding in Iran has decreased greatly in size, the global population is thought to be declining at moderately rapid rate approaching 30% in three generations (BirdLife International 2017).
  • S9487 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 20,770-31,428 pairs, or 62,000-94,000 individuals after rounding in AM, GE, TR (BirdLife International, in prep.) and IR (Sheldon, 2017) based on data from the period of 1970-2019. The size of the wintering population is estimated at 31,000-42,000 individuals in AM, TR based on data from the period of 2013-2019 (BirdLife International, in prep.). Based on IWC data another 7,000-8,000 in IR and 6,000-12,000 in IL. The highest annual IWC count total between 2014–2018 was 43,628 individuals in 2017 (Nagy & Langendoen, 2020).
  • T7631 - Based on BirdLife International (in prep.), it is estimated that the breeding population has increased by 4-6% in AM between 2009 and 2018 and by 13-27% between 1980 and 2018. No quantitative trend information is available from GE, TR, IR but it is thought to be stable in TR in both periods (BirdLife International, in prep.). Based on IWC data, Nagy & Langendoen (2020) reported moderate increase for 2006-2018 (1.0538) and uncertain trend for 2009-2018 (1.0611).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on