Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus smithsonianus Common name Arctic Herring Gull
Population name smithsonianus
Breeding range Alaska, Canada, Great Lakes, Atlantic coast S to Carolinas Non-breeding range Coastal Alaska & S Canada; USA & Central America
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions North America
Notes Larus argentatus and L. smithsonianus (the latter including vegae and mongolicus) (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as L. argentatus (see BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Larus smithsonianus.)

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
No conservation frameworks
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 2 0 0 350,000 350,000 [R165]
WPE 3 0 0 370,000 370,000 [R387]
WPE 4 0 0 370,000 370,000 [R387]
WPE 1 0 0 350,000 350,000 [R165]
WPE 5 2001 2011 370,000 450,000 Expert opinion [S7233] [R1274]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 2 1966 1996 DEC [R565]
WPE 3 1966 2000 DEC [R563]
WPE 4 1966 2000 DEC [R563]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1966 2000 DEC [R563]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 2 1997 3500
WPE 3 2002 3700
WPE 4 2006 3700
WPE 1 1994 3500
WPE 5 2012 4100

References

  • R165 - Croxall, J.P., Evans, P.G.H. and Schreiber, R.W. (eds.). 1984. Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2. Cambridge, UK.
  • R565 - Sauer, J.R., Schwartz, S., Peterjohn, B.G. and Hines, J.E. 1996. The North American Breeding Bird Survey Home Page. Version 94.3 Natl. Biol. Serv., Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel MD. URL: http://www.mbr.nbs.gov/bbs/bbs.html.
  • R387 - Kushlan, James, A., Melanie J. Steinkamp, Katharine Parsons, Jack Capp, Martin Acosta Cruz, Malcolm Coulter, Ian Davidson, Loney Dickson, Naomi Edelson, Richard Elliot, R. Michael Erwin, Scott Hatch, Stephen Kress, Robert Milko, Steve Miller, Kyra Mills, Richard Paul, Roberto Phillips, Jorge E. Saliva, Bill Sydeman, John Trapp, Jennifer Wheeler, and Kent Wohl. 2002. North American Waterbird Conservation Plan, Version 1. Waterbird Conservation for the Americas, Washington, DC, USA.
  • R563 - Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, and J. Fallon. 2001. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2000. Version 2001.2, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD.
  • R1274 - Environment Canada. 2012. Status of Birds in Canada 2011: http://www.ec.gc.ca/soc-sbc/index-eng.aspx?sY=2010andsL=e)

Notes

  • S7233 - Environment Canada 2012. 300,000-450,000 estimated for Canada where most widely distribut,ed; start yr based on Kushlan et al 2002; end year based on Canada estimate



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on