Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus argentatus Common name European Herring Gull
Population name argenteus, Iceland & Western Europe
Breeding range Iceland, Ireland, Britain, NW France to Germany Non-breeding range NW Europe S to N Iberia
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Europe
Notes Populations in Germany divided into appropriate subspecies in CSR5 (Johannes Wahl in litt. 2008.). However, this has proven untraceable and therefore allocation of countries to populations follows Olsen and Larsson (2010) even if some overlap and intergradation exists. UK population erroneously omitted from 3rd and 4th editions.

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 1,090,000 1,090,000 [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 560,000 620,000 [S2217] [R63]
WPE 1 0 0 1,300,000 1,300,000 [R414]
WPE 2 0 0 1,300,000 1,300,000 [R414]
WPE 5 2007 2007 990,000 1,050,000 Expert opinion [R878]
CSR 4 2000 2000 560,000 620,000 Expert opinion
CSR 5 2007 2007 990,000 1,050,000 Expert opinion [R878]
CSR 6 1998 2012 990,000 1,050,000 Expert opinion [S8698] [R1362] [R1361]
CSR 6 1998 2012 706,000 783,000 Expert opinion [S8699] [R1362] [R1361] [R1414]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 1990 2000 DEC [R63]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 DEC Poor [R63]
CSR 6
CSR 6 2000 2012 DEC Poor [T6736] [R1362] [R1361]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 11000
WPE 4 2006 5900
WPE 1 1994 13000
WPE 2 1997 13000
WPE 5 2012 10200
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1

References

  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R414 - Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. 1991. The status of seabirds in Britain and Ireland. T. and A.D. Poyser, London, U.K. 355 pp.
  • R878 - Johannes Wahl in litt. 2008.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1414 - (Olsen, 2010)
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist

Notes

  • S2217 - 64: Breeding population in relevant countries 187,000-207,000 pairs (561,000-621,000 individuals).
  • S8698 - 235,411-261,101 pairs in GL, IS, IE, UK, NL, BE and FR (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Allocation of countries to populations follows Olsen (2010).
  • S8699 - 235,411-261,101 pairs in GL, IS, IE, UK, NL, BE and FR (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Allocation of countries to populations follows Olsen (2010).
  • T6736 - Overall short-term (2000-2012) trend for BE, FR, GL, IE, IS, NL and UK is 0.9632-0.9689 and for the long-term (1980-2012) 0.9900-0.9909). Decreased in FR, IE, NL and UK, increased in BE, stable in GL and unknown in IS.
  • S8966 - 236,911-262,601 pairs in GL, IS, IE, UK, NL, BE and FR. Allocation of countries to populations follows Olsen (2010).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on