Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus argentatus Common name European Herring Gull
Population name argentatus, North & North-west Europe
Breeding range Denmark & Fenno-Scandia to E Kola Peninsula Non-breeding range N & W Europe
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Europe
Notes Populations in Germany divided into appropriate subspecies in CSR5 (Johannes Wahl in litt. 2008.). However, this has proven untraceable and therefore allocation of countries to populations follows Olsen and Larsson (2010) even if some overlap and intergradation exists. From WPE3 onwards, includes the yellow-legged form referred to as L. a. omissus by some authors.

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 1,400,000 1,400,000 [R414]
WPE 3 1970 1990 1,100,000 1,500,000 [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 1,700,000 3,600,000 [S2212] [R63]
WPE 2 0 0 1,400,000 1,400,000 [R414]
WPE 5 2007 2007 1,300,000 3,100,000 Expert opinion [R878]
CSR 4 2000 2000 1,700,000 3,600,000 Expert opinion
CSR 5 2007 2007 1,300,000 3,100,000 Expert opinion [R878]
CSR 6 2000 2013 1,300,000 1,600,000 Expert opinion [S8697] [R1362] [R1361] [R1414]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 INC [R414]
WPE 3 1970 1990 INC [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 INC [R63]
WPE 2 0 0 INC [R414]
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R904]
CSR 4 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R904]
CSR 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R904]
CSR 6 2000 2012 STA/FLU Reasonable [T6717] [R1362] [R1361]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 14000
WPE 3 2002 13000
WPE 4 2006 20000
WPE 2 1997 14000
WPE 5 2012 20100
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1

References

  • R414 - Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. 1991. The status of seabirds in Britain and Ireland. T. and A.D. Poyser, London, U.K. 355 pp.
  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R878 - Johannes Wahl in litt. 2008.
  • R904 - Wetlands International. November 2007. Unpublished population trend analysis based on the IWC database of January counts in Europe using TRIM software.
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1414 - (Olsen, 2010)
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist

Notes

  • S2212 - 64: Breeding population in relevant countries 573,000-1,193,000 pairs (1,719,000-3,579,000 individuals). For populations over 2 million birds, Ramsar Convention criterion 5 (20,000 or more waterbirds) applies.
  • S8697 - 447,705-545,905 pairs in RU, BY, DE, DK, EE, FI, LT, LV, NO, PL, SE and SJ (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep, BirdLife International et al. in prep.). Country allocation follows Olsen (2010) although intergradation is recognised.
  • T6717 - Overall trend based on trends of national breeding populations is 0.9850-1.0032, i.e. stable/fluctuating, in the short-term and 0.9909-0.9981, i.e. moderate decrease, in the long-term (1980-2012) according to European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep.) and BirdLife International et al. (in prep.).
  • S8965 - 447,705-545,905 pairs in RU, BY, DE, DK, EE, FI, LT, LV, NO, PL, SE and SJ. Country allocation follows Olsen (2010) although intergradation is recognised.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on