Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus glaucoides Common name Iceland Gull
Population name glaucoides, Greenland/Iceland & North-west Europe
Breeding range S & W Greenland Non-breeding range N & W Europe
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Europe North America
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 1970 1990 90,000 300,000 No quality assessment [R69]
WPE 1 0 0 -1 -1 No estimate
WPE 2 0 0 -1 -1 No estimate
WPE 4 1990 2000 90,000 300,000 No quality assessment [S2205] [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 90,000 300,000 Expert opinion [R63]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 90,000 300,000 Expert opinion [R63]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 90,000 300,000 Expert opinion [R63]
AEWA CSR 6 1990 2000 90,000 300,000 Best guess [S8411] [R63]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2012 150,000 300,000 Best guess [S8964] [R1549]
AEWA CSR 8 2018 2018 150,000 300,000 Best guess [S9490] [R1752] [R1625]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 3 0 0 STA No quality assessment [R80]
WPE 1 1983 1993 STA No quality assessment [R70]
WPE 2 1983 1993 STA No quality assessment [R70]
WPE 4 1990 2000 STA No quality assessment [R63]
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63]
AEWA CSR 4 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63]
AEWA CSR 5 1990 2000 STA Poor [R63]
AEWA CSR 6 2003 2012 Unknown No idea [T6410]
AEWA CSR 7 2000 2012 STA? Poor [T7038] [R1549]
AEWA CSR 8 1989 2018 STA? Poor [T7634]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 3 2002 2000
WPE 1 -1 -1 Not Set
WPE 2 -1 -1 Not Set
WPE 4 2002 2000
WPE 5 2012 1600
AEWA CSR 4 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 5 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 6 -1 -1 Not Set
AEWA CSR 7 2018 2100
AEWA CSR 8 2018 2100

References

  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R80 - Boertmann, D., Mosbech, A., Falk, K., and Kampp, K. 1996. Seabird colonies in western Greenland. NERI Technical Report 170: 148 pp.
  • R70 - BirdLife International/European Birds Census Council, European Birds Database. Accessed March 1994.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1752 - Snell, R. R., P. Pyle, and M. A. Patten (2020). Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (P. G. Rodewald and B. K. Keeney, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.y00478.01
  • R1625 - BirdLife International (in prep) European Red List of Birds. Deliverable to the European Commission (DG Environment) in 2021 under Service Contract ENV.D.3/SER/2018/0018.

Notes

  • S2205 - BirdLife International (2004b): Greenland breeding population 30,000 - 100,000 pairs (90,000 - 300,000 individuals).
  • S8411 - 30,000-100,000 pairs on Greenland (BirdLife International, 2004).
  • T6410 - Population trend is not updated (yet).
  • S8964 - 50,000-100,000 pairs on Greenland.
  • T7038 - Assumed to be stable both in the short- and the long-term.
  • S9490 - The size of the breeding population is estimated at 50,000-100,000 pairs, or 150,000-300,000 individuals after rounding in GL. Majority of birds belong to the nominate race according to Snell et al. (2020).
  • T7634 - Assumed to be stable both in the short- and the long-term.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on