Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus hyperboreus Common name Glaucous Gull
Population name leuceretes, Canada, Greenland & Iceland (bre)
Breeding range N Canada to Greenland & Iceland Non-breeding range to CE USA, SW Greenland, N Europe
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Europe North America
Notes Population first included in WPE3

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 -1 -1
WPE 2 0 0 -1 -1
WPE 3 0 0 -1 -1
WPE 4 0 0 100,000 1,000,000
WPE 5 1990 2000 100,000 1,000,000 Best guess [R63] [R256]
CSR 4 1990 2000 100,000 1,000,000 Best guess [R63] [R256]
CSR 5 1990 2000 100,000 1,000,000 Best guess [R63] [R256]
CSR 6 1990 2000 100,000 1,000,000 Best guess [S8410] [R63] [R150]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 4 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 5 1990 2000 STA No idea [R66]
CSR 6 2003 2012 Unknown No idea [T6409]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 0 -1
WPE 2 0 -1
WPE 3 0 -1
WPE 4 2006 10000
WPE 5 2012 10000
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R256 - Gilchrist, H.G. 2001. Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus). In: The birds of North America, No 573. (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington D.C.
  • R66 - BirdLife International Website 2002
  • R150 - Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds.). 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Vol.1: Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press. Oxford, London and New York.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist
  • R1580 - Canadian Wildlife Service. 2015. Status of Birds in Canada 2014. URL: https://wildlife-species.canada.ca/bird-status/com-com-eng.aspx?sY=2014&sL=e

Notes

  • S8410 - 40,000-115,000 pairs on Greenland and Iceland (BirdLife International, 2004), tens of thousands in N Canada (Cramp & Simmons, 1983).
  • T6409 - No update on trends yet.
  • S8963 - 40,000-115,000 pairs on Greenland and Iceland (BirdLife International, 15), 50,000-100,000 breeding birds in Canada (Canadian Wildlife Service 2015).
  • T7037 - Thought to e stable in GL. 30-50% decline in IS (BirdLife International 2015). Moderate decline in Canada (Canadian Wildlife Service 2015).



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on