Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus dominicanus Common name Kelp Gull
Population name antipodus
Breeding range Coastal Tasmania, SE Australia, New Zealand Non-breeding range Coastal Tasmania, SE, SW, S Australia, New Zealand
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Oceania
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
No conservation frameworks
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 1,000,000 1,000,001 No quality assessment [R165]
WPE 2 0 0 1,000,000 1,000,001 No quality assessment [R165]
WPE 3 0 0 3,000,000 30,000,001 No quality assessment [R178]
WPE 4 0 0 3,000,000 3,000,000 No quality assessment [S2184] [R178]
WPE 5 2001 2010 3,000,000 3,000,001 Expert opinion [S7217] [R178]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown No quality assessment
WPE 5 2001 2010 INC Poor [T5072] [R1195]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 -1 -1 Not Set
WPE 2 -1 -1 Not Set
WPE 3 2002 20000
WPE 4 2002 20000
WPE 5 2012 30000

References

  • R165 - Croxall, J.P., Evans, P.G.H. and Schreiber, R.W. (eds.). 1984. Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2. Cambridge, UK.
  • R178 - del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • R1195 - Woehler, E. in litt. 26 February 2012 and 21 April 2012.

Notes

  • S2184 - del Hoyo et al. (1996) estimates >1 million pairs in New Zealand (>3,000,000 individuals), a few hundred pairs (and increasing) in Australia. For populations over 2 million birds, Ramsar Convention criterion 5 (20,000 or more waterbirds) applies.
  • S7217 - No update from New Zealand but continues to increase and expand its range on the Australian mainland, where breeding is now reported.
  • T5072 - No update from New Zealand but continues to increase and expand its range on the Australian mainland, where breeding is now reported.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on