Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus dominicanus Common name Kelp Gull
Population name antipodus, Australia, New Zealand
Breeding range Coastal Tasmania, SE Australia, New Zealand Non-breeding range Coastal Tasmania, SE, SW, S Australia, New Zealand
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Oceania
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
No conservation frameworks
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 1,000,000 1,000,001 [R165]
WPE 2 0 0 1,000,000 1,000,001 [R165]
WPE 3 0 0 3,000,000 30,000,001 [R178]
WPE 4 0 0 3,000,000 3,000,000 [S2184] [R178]
WPE 5 2001 2010 3,000,000 3,000,001 Expert opinion [S7217] [R178]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 2001 2010 INC Poor [T5072] [R1195]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 0 -1
WPE 2 0 -1
WPE 3 2002 20000
WPE 4 2006 20000
WPE 5 2012 30000

References

  • R165 - Croxall, J.P., Evans, P.G.H. and Schreiber, R.W. (eds.). 1984. Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2. Cambridge, UK.
  • R178 - del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • R1195 - Woehler, E. in litt. 26 February 2012 and 21 April 2012.

Notes

  • S2184 - 180 estimates >1 million pairs in New Zealand (>3,000,000 individuals), a few hundred pairs (and increasing) in Australia. For populations over 2 million birds, Ramsar Convention criterion 5 (20,000 or more waterbirds) applies.
  • S7217 - No update from New Zealand but continues to increase and expand its range on the Australian mainland, where breeding is now reported.
  • T5072 - No update from New Zealand but continues to increase and expand its range on the Australian mainland, where breeding is now reported.



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on