Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus marinus Common name Great Black-backed Gull
Population name North & West Europe
Breeding range Coasts NW France, Ireland, Britain, Iceland E to Scandinavia, White Sea Non-breeding range E Atlantic coast S to Iberia
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Europe
Notes Population formerly named E Atlantic bre (WPE1) and Northeastern Atlantic bre (WPE2, 3 and 4)

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
EUBD
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 480,000 480,000 [R414]
WPE 3 1970 1990 420,000 510,000 [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 330,000 540,000 [S2158] [R63]
WPE 2 0 0 480,000 480,000 [R414]
WPE 5 1990 2000 330,000 540,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 4 1990 2000 330,000 540,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 5 1990 2000 330,000 540,000 Expert opinion [R63]
CSR 6 2000 2013 340,000 378,000 Expert opinion [S8408] [R1362] [R1361] [R63]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 1 0 0 INC [R414]
WPE 3 1970 1990 STA [R69]
WPE 4 1990 2000 INC [R63]
WPE 2 0 0 INC [R414]
WPE 5 1990 2000 INC Reasonable [T5061] [R63] [R888]
CSR 4 1996 2005 INC Reasonable
CSR 5 1990 2000 INC Reasonable [T1431] [R63] [R888]
CSR 6 2000 2012 DEC Reasonable [T6407] [R1361] [R1362]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 1 1994 4800
WPE 3 2002 4700
WPE 4 2006 4400
WPE 2 1997 4800
WPE 5 2012 4200
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R414 - Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. 1991. The status of seabirds in Britain and Ireland. T. and A.D. Poyser, London, U.K. 355 pp.
  • R69 - BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird populations: estimates and trends. Cambridge, UK. BirdLife International Conservation Series No. 10.
  • R63 - BirdLife International (2004)b. Birds in Europe, population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).
  • R888 - Wetlands International, 2012. Results of trend analysis undertaken for CSR5 2012, presented in Annex 4. http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/mop/mop5_docs/pdf/mop5_14_csr5.pdf
  • R1362 - European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (in prep) Population and trend data provided by the EU Member States in the frame of their reporting under Article 12 of the EU Birds Directive. Online fact sheets. European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, Paris. URL: http://bd.eionet.europa.eu/activities/Reporting/Article_12/Reports_2013/Member_State_Deliveries. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1361 - BirdLife International, BTO, EBCC, CSO, IUCN, RSPB, SOVON, Wetlands International (in prep) Population and trend data provided to the European Red List of Birds Project funded by the European Commission. Digital dataset. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK. Accessed on 31 July 2014.
  • R1549 - BirdLife International 2015. European Red List of Birds. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. http://datazone.birdlife.org/info/euroredlist

Notes

  • S2158 - 64: European breeding population 110,000-180,000 pairs (330,000-540,000 individuals).
  • T5061 - Wetlands International 2012. Trend 1988-2007: +2.0% p.a. ? Increase.
  • T1431 - 898. Trend 1988-2007: +2.0% p.a. – Increase.
  • S8408 - 112,200-124,776 pairs in DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, IS, NL, NO, RU, SE, SJ and the UK (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.). Further 1,200 pairs on FO (BirdLife International, 2004). This yields a total estimate of 340,000-378,000 individuals after rounding. Only 48,915-49,417 wintering birds reported from BE, CH, DE, ES, FR, IS (European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity, in prep., BirdLife International et al., in prep.).
  • T6407 - Overall trend is decreasing in the short-term (2000-2012: 0.9785-0.9909) and stable in the long-term (1980-2012: 0.9958-1.0006). Decreasing in EE, FI, SE and UK, increasing in DE, FR, IE, NL and NO, stable in DK and SJ, unknown in ES, IS and RU.
  • S8960 - 113,400-125,976 pairs in DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FO, FR, IS, NL, NO, RU, SE, SJ and the UK.
  • T7033 - See CSR6



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on