Population information

Order name Charadriiformes
Family name Laridae
Scientific name Larus hemprichii Common name Sooty Gull
Population name Red Sea, Gulf, Arabia & Eastern Africa
Breeding range Red Sea, Gulfs of Persia, Oman, Aden, E to Pakistan, S to Kenya Non-breeding range
Red List Category Least Concern
Ramsar regions Africa Asia
Notes

Conservation Framework

Conservation framework Notes
AEWA
CAF Action Plan
Note:

Population size

Publication Start year End year Minimum Maximum Estimate quality Notes References Actions
WPE 2 1987 1991 40,000 40,000 [R519]
WPE 4 0 0 150,000 300,000 [R178]
WPE 1 1987 1991 40,000 40,000 [R519]
WPE 3 0 0 150,000 300,000 [R178]
WPE 5 1995 1995 150,000 300,000 Expert opinion [R178]
CSR 4 1995 1995 150,000 300,000 Expert opinion [R178]
CSR 5 1995 1995 150,000 300,000 Expert opinion [R178]
CSR 6 1990 2010 88,000 95,000 Census based [S8404] [R1360] [R1405] [R1411] [R178] [R1371]

Population trends

Publication Start year End year Trend Trend quality Notes References Actions
WPE 2 0 0 Unknown
WPE 4 1989 1999 INC? [T1402] [R521]
WPE 1 0 0 Unknown
WPE 3 0 0 Unknown
WPE 5 1989 1999 INC? No idea [R521]
CSR 4 1989 1999 INC? No idea [R521]
CSR 5 1989 1999 INC? No idea [R521]
CSR 6 1980 2011 INC? Poor [T6403] [R1405] [R1415]

Population 1% level

Publication Yearset 1 percent Note
WPE 2 1997 400
WPE 4 2006 2300
WPE 1 1994 400
WPE 3 2002 2300
WPE 5 2012 2100
CSR 4 0 -1
CSR 5 0 -1
CSR 6 0 -1

References

  • R519 - Perennou, C.P., Mundkur, T. and Scott, D.A. 1994. The Asian Waterfowl Census 1987-1991: distribution and status of Asian waterfowl. IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 24; AWB Spec. Publ. No. 86. Slimbridge, UK and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • R178 - del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. (eds). 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • R521 - PERSGA/GEF. 2003. Status of Breeding Seabirds in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. PERSGA Technical Series No. 8. PERSGA, Jeddah.
  • R1360 - Jennings, M. C., & Krupp, F. (2010). Fauna of Arabia, Vol. 25. Atlas of the breeding birds of Arabia: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology.
  • R1405 - Shobrak, M., Alsuhaybany, A. & Al-Sagheir, O. (compliers) 2003. Regional Status of Breeding Seabirds in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (PERSGA), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. URL: http://www.persga.org/Files/Common/Sea_Birds/Reginal_Status_of_Seabirds.pdf
  • R1411 - Semere et al. 2003
  • R1371 - Dodman, T. 2014. Status, Estimates and Trends of Waterbird Populations in Africa: AEWA-listed African populations. Wetlands International. (CSR6 African populations) URL: https://www.wetlands.org/publications/1304/
  • R1415 - Shobrak (2013)

Notes

  • T1402 - 528: It may be increasing in northern Egyptian Red Sea islands.
  • S8404 - Jennings (2010) estimates numbers only at 28,000 pairs in Arabia. Shobrak (2003) accounts for further 150-200 pairs from EG and SO, but Dodman (2014) reports at least 165 pairs from EG alone. Del Hoyo (1996) mentions 50-100 pairs in KE. Semere et al. (2008) reports 1,067 pairs from ER. This yields an estimate of 29,267-29,367 pairs, which is much less than the 50,000-100,000 pairs estimate of Del Hoyo et al. (1996). The upper limit of the estimate accounts for some unknown numbers from IR, PK and SO.
  • T6403 - Shobrak (2003, 2013)



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on