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Taxonomic




Order
Family
Species
Population
Discontinued Size - year Size Size estimate quality Size references Trend - year Trend Trend quality Trend references 1% threshold 1% yearset Notes
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus relictus (Relict Gull)
C Asia (bre) 2005 - 2005 12,000 - 12,000 [R64] 1995 - 2005 DEC [R64] 120 2012 [S7271]
Larus melanocephalus (Mediterranean Gull)
W Europe, Mediterranean & NW Africa 2010 - 2010 50,000 - 120,000 Expert opinion [R867] 1990 - 2000 STA Poor [R63] 770 2012 [S7270]
Larus hemprichii (Sooty Gull)
Red Sea, Gulf, Arabia & Eastern Africa 1995 - 1995 150,000 - 300,000 Expert opinion [R178] 1989 - 1999 INC? No idea [R521] 2100 2012
Larus leucophthalmus (White-eyed Gull)
Red Sea & nearby coasts 2002 - 2002 37,000 - 44,000 Expert opinion [R192] [R521] 1983 - 1993 STA Poor [R555] 400 2012
Larus audouinii (Audouin's Gull)
Mediterranean/N & W coasts of Africa 1995 - 1999 57,600 - 57,600 Expert opinion [R68] 1993 - 2003 INC Reasonable [R64] 580 2012
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)
Pacific N & C America 0 - 0 525,000 - 525,000 [R387] 1995 - 2005 FLU [R64] 5300 2012
Larus pacificus (Pacific Gull)
pacificus 1999 - 1999 4,950 - 4,950 [R249] 1986 - 1996 STA [R249] 50 2012
georgii 1999 - 1999 6,000 - 6,000 [R249] 1986 - 1996 STA [R249] 60 2012
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)
E Asia 0 - 0 1,050,000 - 1,050,000 [R428] 1977 - 1991 STA [R519] 10500 2012 [S7187]
Larus belcheri (Belcher's Gull)
W South America 2001 - 2001 1 - 10,000 Best guess [R570] 1990 - 2000 INC [R570] 100 2012
Larus atlanticus (Olrog's Gull)
SE South America 2011 - 2011 10,400 - 10,400 Census based [R1198] 2001 - 2010 STA Reasonable [R724] 100 2012
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)
North America (bre) 1976 - 2006 2,550,000 - 2,550,000 [R1147] 1976 - 2009 INC [R1147] 25500 2012
Larus canus (Mew Gull)
canus, NW & C Europe/Atlantic coast & Mediterranean 1990 - 2000 1,200,000 - 2,250,000 Expert opinion [R63] 1997 - 2007 DEC? No idea [R63] [R888] 16400 2012 [T5052]
heinei, NE Europe & Western Siberia/Black Sea & Caspian 1990 - 2000 1,000,000 - 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] 1990 - 2000 INC? No idea [R579] 20000 2012
brachyrhynchus 0 - 0 240,000 - 360,000 [R387] 1965 - 1980 INC [R165] 2900 2012
camtschatschensis 0 - 0 25,000 - 100,000 Best guess [R460] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 1000 2012 [P1037]
Larus livens (Yellow-footed Gull)
California 0 - 0 60,000 - 60,000 [R387] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 600 2012
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)
occidentalis 0 - 0 31,500 - 34,500 [R525] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 330 2012
wymani 0 - 0 84,000 - 84,000 [R525] 1965 - 1980 INC [R165] 840 2012
Larus californicus (California Gull)
W North America (bre) 2001 - 2011 621,000 - 621,000 Expert opinion [R1274] 1966 - 2000 STA [R563] 6200 2012 [S7203]
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)
vetula, Coastal Southern Africa 2001 - 2001 70,000 - 70,000 Expert opinion [R156] 1997 - 2007 INC Reasonable [R888] 700 2012 [T5067]
melisandae 0 - 0 1 - 1,000 [R301] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 1 2012 [P1050]
dominicanus, South America 0 - 0 100,000 - 1,000,000 Best guess [R724] 1990 - 2000 INC [R570] 10000 2012 [S7214]
austrinus, Falkland/Malvinas 0 - 0 72,000 - 132,000 [R709] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 970 2012
dominicanus, Antarctica 0 - 0 30,000 - 60,000 [R156] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 420 2012 [S7216]
antipodus, Australia, New Zealand 2001 - 2010 3,000,000 - 3,000,001 Expert opinion [R178] 2001 - 2010 INC Poor [R1195] 30000 2012 [S7217] [T5072]
judithae 0 - 0 15,000 - 30,000 [R347] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 210 2012 [P1055]
Larus fuscus (Lesser Black-backed Gull)
heuglini, NE Europe & W Siberia/SW Asia & NE Africa 0 - 0 25,000 - 1,000,000 Best guess [R32] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 10000 2012 [P939] [S7029]
barabensis, South-west Siberia/South-west Asia 0 - 0 -1 - -1 0 - 0 Unknown No idea -1 0 [P940]
fuscus, NE Europe/Black Sea, SW Asia & Eastern Africa 2005 - 2005 56,000 - 56,000 Expert opinion [R293] 1995 - 2005 DEC Reasonable [R293] [R893] 560 2012 [T5094]
graellsii, Western Europe/Mediterranean & West Africa 1990 - 2000 530,000 - 570,000 Expert opinion [R63] 1990 - 2000 INC Poor [R63] 5500 2012
intermedius, S Scandinavia, Netherlands, Ebro Delta, Spain 1990 - 2000 325,000 - 440,000 Expert opinion [R63] [R293] 1990 - 2000 INC Poor [R63] 3800 2012 [P1080]
Larus argentatus (European Herring Gull)
argentatus, North & North-west Europe 2007 - 2007 1,300,000 - 3,100,000 Expert opinion [R878] 1990 - 2000 STA Poor [R63] [R904] 20100 2012 [P1066]
argenteus, Iceland & Western Europe 2007 - 2007 990,000 - 1,050,000 Expert opinion [R878] 1990 - 2000 DEC Poor [R63] 10200 2012 [P1067]
Larus armenicus (Armenian Gull)
Armenia, Eastern Turkey & NW Iran 1999 - 1999 69,000 - 75,000 Expert opinion [R557] 1990 - 2000 STA No idea [R66] 720 2012
Larus michahellis (Yellow-legged Gull)
Mediterranean, Iberia & Morocco 2003 - 2003 630,000 - 768,000 Expert opinion [R682] 1990 - 2000 INC Poor [R69] 7000 2012 [P1076]
atlantis 1990 - 2000 27,500 - 81,000 [R63] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 470 2012 [S7238]
Larus cachinnans (Caspian Gull)
Black Sea & Western Asia/SW Asia, NE Africa 1990 - 2000 100,000 - 1,000,001 Best guess [R63] 1990 - 2000 INC Poor [R63] 20000 2012
Larus smithsonianus (Arctic Herring Gull)
vegae 0 - 0 -1 - -1 0 - 0 Unknown No idea -1 0 [P1068]
mongolicus 0 - 0 57,000 - 66,000 [R717] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 610 2012 [P1069]
smithsonianus 2001 - 2011 370,000 - 450,000 Expert opinion [R1274] 1966 - 2000 DEC [R563] 4100 2012 [P1070] [S7233]
Larus thayeri (Thayer's Gull)
thayeri, N Canada (bre) 2006 - 2011 15,000 - 37,500 Expert opinion [R1274] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 240 2012 [P544]
Larus glaucoides (Iceland Gull)
glaucoides, Greenland/Iceland & North-west Europe 1990 - 2000 90,000 - 300,000 Expert opinion [R63] 1990 - 2000 STA Poor [R63] 1600 2012
kumlieni 2001 - 2011 100,000 - 100,001 Expert opinion [R1274] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 1000 2012 [S7228]
Larus schistisagus (Slaty-backed Gull)
NE Asia 0 - 0 25,000 - 1,000,000 Best guess [R714] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 10000 2012
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)
N Pacific 0 - 0 570,000 - 570,000 [R387] 1960 - 1980 INC [R165] 5700 2012
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)
hyperboreus, Svalbard & N Russia (bre) 2000 - 2000 135,000 - 360,000 Expert opinion [R579] 1970 - 1980 STA Poor [R165] 2200 2012
leuceretes, Canada, Greenland & Iceland (bre) 1990 - 2000 100,000 - 1,000,000 Best guess [R63] [R256] 1990 - 2000 STA No idea [R66] 10000 2012 [P1061]
pallidissimus 0 - 0 -1 - -1 0 - 0 Unknown No idea -1 0 [P1062]
barrovianus 2000 - 2005 169,000 - 169,000 Expert opinion [R1004] 2000 - 2005 STA [R1004] 1700 2012 [P1063]
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Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on