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Order
Family
Species
Population
Discontinued Size - year Size Size estimate quality Size references Trend - year Trend Trend quality Trend references 1% threshold 1% yearset Notes
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Rynchops flavirostris (African Skimmer)
Eastern & Southern Africa 2001 - 2001 8,000 - 12,000 Expert opinion [R190] 2003 - 2012 Unknown No idea 100 2018
Hydrocoloeus minutus (Little Gull)
Central & E Europe/SW Europe & W Mediterranean 2000 - 2012 71,000 - 136,000 Best guess [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Poor [R1549] 1000 2018 [S8977] [T7054]
W Asia/E Mediterranean, Black Sea & Caspian 1989 - 1990 25,000 - 100,000 Best guess [R1414] 1994 - 2016 DEC? Poor [R1548] 1000 2018 [P1120] [S8426] [T7055]
Xema sabini (Sabine's Gull)
sabini, Canada & Greenland/SE Atlantic 2001 - 2001 300,000 - 600,000 Expert opinion [R1528] 2003 - 2012 Unknown No idea 4200 2018
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)
tridactyla, Arctic from NE Canada to Novaya Zemlya/N Atlantic 1997 - 2013 6,400,000 - 7,600,000 Expert opinion [R1357] 2003 - 2013 DEC Reasonable [R1357] 0 2018 [P1130] [T6272]
Larus genei (Slender-billed Gull)
Black Sea & Mediterranean (bre) 1996 - 2012 130,000 - 200,000 Expert opinion [R1424] [R1549] 2006 - 2015 DEC Reasonable [R1549] [R1548] 1700 2018 [S8974] [T7052]
West, South-west & South Asia (bre) 1987 - 1991 150,000 - 150,000 Best guess [R1548] [R519] 2006 - 2015 UNC Poor [R1548] 1500 2018 [S8975] [T7201]
West Africa (bre) 2003 - 2014 24,000 - 30,000 Expert opinion [R1359] 1997 - 2015 STA/DEC? Reasonable [R1548] [R1546] 270 2018 [S8595] [T7051]
Larus ridibundus (Black-headed Gull)
W Europe/W Europe, W Mediterranean, West Africa 1990 - 2013 2,750,000 - 3,550,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2015 STA/DEC? Reasonable [R1549] [R1548] 31000 2018 [S8972] [T7048]
East Europe/Black Sea & East Mediterranean 2000 - 2012 1,250,000 - 2,400,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2015 STA/FLU Reasonable [R1549] [R1548] 17000 2018 [S8973] [T7049]
West Asia/SW Asia & NE Africa 2008 - 2014 250,000 - 250,000 Best guess [R519] [R1422] 2006 - 2015 STA/FLU Reasonable [R1548] 2500 2018 [S9140] [T7050]
Larus hartlaubii (Hartlaub's Gull)
Coastal South-west Africa 2002 - 2002 25,000 - 35,000 Expert opinion [R190] [R196] 1977 - 2015 DEC? Reasonable [R1548] 300 2018 [P1091] [S8632] [T7047]
Larus cirrocephalus (Grey-headed Gull)
poiocephalus, West Africa 2010 - 2014 25,000 - 30,000 Census based [R1359] 2006 - 2015 STA/FLU Reasonable [R1552] [R1548] 0 2018 [S8594] [T7160]
Central, Eastern and Southern Africa 1990 - 2001 200,000 - 400,000 Best guess [R1371] 2001 - 2015 STA? Reasonable [R1548] 3000 2018 [P1090]
Larus ichthyaetus (Pallas's Gull)
Black Sea & Caspian/South-west Asia 1990 - 2000 100,000 - 100,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2003 - 2012 Unknown No idea 10000 2018 [S9098]
Larus melanocephalus (Mediterranean Gull)
W Europe, Mediterranean & NW Africa 1990 - 2012 220,000 - 260,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 INC Reasonable [R1549] 2400 2018 [S8976]
Larus hemprichii (Sooty Gull)
Red Sea, Gulf, Arabia & Eastern Africa 1990 - 2010 88,000 - 95,000 Census based [R1360] [R1405] [R1411] [R178] [R1371] 1980 - 2011 INC? Poor [R1405] [R1415] 910 2018 [S8404] [T6403]
Larus leucophthalmus (White-eyed Gull)
Red Sea & nearby coasts 1990 - 2015 56,000 - 62,000 Census based [R1330] [R1569] [R1500] [R1574] 1983 - 1993 STA Poor [R555] 590 2018 [S8934] [T7229]
Larus audouinii (Audouin's Gull)
Mediterranean/N & W coasts of Africa 2007 - 2012 65,000 - 67,000 Census based [R1549] 2000 - 2012 STA Reasonable [R1549] 660 2018 [S8959] [T7032]
Larus canus (Mew Gull)
canus, NW & C Europe/Atlantic coast & Mediterranean 1998 - 2013 1,400,000 - 1,900,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2015 STA/FLU Reasonable [R1548] [R1549] 16400 2018 [S8957] [T7030]
heinei, NE Europe & Western Siberia/Black Sea & Caspian 2002 - 2008 1,000,000 - 1,000,001 Best guess [R1579] 2006 - 2015 STA/INC? Poor [R1549] [R1548] 20000 2018 [S8958] [T7031]
Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)
vetula, Coastal Southern Africa 2001 - 2001 70,000 - 70,000 Expert opinion [R156] 2006 - 2015 DEC? Reasonable [R1548] 700 2018 [T7034]
vetula, Coastal West Africa 2013 - 2013 60 - 150 Expert opinion [R1371] 1983 - 2013 INC Reasonable [R1371] 1 2017
Larus fuscus (Lesser Black-backed Gull)
heuglini, NE Europe & W Siberia/SW Asia & NE Africa -1 - -1 25,000 - 1,000,000 Best guess 0 - 0 Unknown No idea 10000 2018 [P939]
barabensis, South-west Siberia/South-west Asia -1 - -1 -1 - -1 No estimate 2003 - 2012 Unknown No idea -1 2018 [P940]
fuscus, NE Europe/Black Sea, SW Asia & Eastern Africa 2006 - 2013 53,000 - 81,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Reasonable [R1549] 650 2018 [S8969] [T7043]
graellsii, Western Europe/Mediterranean & West Africa 1981 - 2012 560,000 - 600,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Reasonable [R1549] 5500 2018 [S8970] [T7044]
intermedius, S Scandinavia, Netherlands, Ebro Delta, Spain 2005 - 2013 566,000 - 699,000 Census based [R1549] 2000 - 2012 INC Reasonable [R1549] 6300 2018 [P1080] [S8971]
Larus argentatus (European Herring Gull)
argentatus, North & North-west Europe 2000 - 2013 1,300,000 - 1,600,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Reasonable [R1549] 14400 2018 [P1066] [S8965] [T7039]
argenteus, Iceland & Western Europe 1998 - 2012 710,000 - 790,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Reasonable [R1549] 10200 2018 [P1067] [S8966] [T7040]
Larus armenicus (Armenian Gull)
Armenia, Eastern Turkey & NW Iran 2002 - 2013 59,000 - 85,000 Expert opinion [R1569] [R1549] 2003 - 2012 DEC Reasonable [R1549] [R1559] 700 2018 [S8933] [T6985]
Larus michahellis (Yellow-legged Gull)
Mediterranean, Iberia & Morocco 2000 - 2014 1,200,000 - 1,600,000 Expert opinion [R1549] [R428] 2000 - 2012 STA Reasonable [R1549] 13900 2018 [P1076] [S8968] [T7042]
Larus cachinnans (Caspian Gull)
Black Sea & Western Asia/SW Asia, NE Africa 2000 - 2012 200,000 - 500,000 Best guess [R1549] [R1569] 2000 - 2012 INC? Poor [R1549] 3200 2018 [S8967] [T7041]
Larus glaucoides (Iceland Gull)
glaucoides, Greenland/Iceland & North-west Europe 2000 - 2012 150,000 - 300,000 Best guess [R1549] 2000 - 2012 STA? Poor [R1549] 2100 2018 [S8964] [T7038]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)
hyperboreus, Svalbard & N Russia (bre) 2000 - 2013 19,500 - 60,000 Best guess [R1549] 1992 - 2012 STA/INC? Poor [R1549] [R1610] [R1611] [R1612] 340 2018 [S8962] [T7036]
leuceretes, Canada, Greenland & Iceland (bre) 1990 - 2012 100,000 - 350,000 Best guess [R1549] [R1580] [R1612] 1992 - 2012 STA/DEC? Poor [R1549] [R1580] [R796] 3100 2018 [P1061] [S8963] [T7037]
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)
North & West Europe 1981 - 2013 340,000 - 378,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Reasonable [R1549] 3600 2018 [P1043] [S8960] [T7033]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)
nubilosus, Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, E to Pacific 2003 - 2012 18,200,000 - 18,200,000 Expert opinion [R1343] 0 - 0 Unknown No idea [R1343] 180000 2018 [S8250] [T6250]
Onychoprion anaethetus (Bridled Tern)
antarcticus, Red Sea, E Africa, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea to W India 2003 - 2009 1,500,000 - 1,650,000 Expert opinion [R1343] 2003 - 2012 STA Poor [R1344] [R1345] 15700 2018 [S8248] [T6248]
antarcticus, W Indian Ocean 2003 - 2011 19,300 - 19,300 Expert opinion [R1343] 1990 - 2011 STA Poor [R1343] 180 2018
melanopterus, W Africa 2001 - 2001 1,500 - 1,500 Expert opinion [R190] [R1514] 1997 - 2004 STA? Poor [R1514] 15 2018 [T6748]
Sternula albifrons (Little Tern)
albifrons, Black Sea & East Mediterranean (bre) 2000 - 2013 80,000 - 117,000 Expert opinion [R1549] [R1371] 1990 - 2000 DEC Reasonable [R1549] 970 2018 [S8990] [T7073]
albifrons, Europe north of Mediterranean (bre) 2000 - 2012 19,000 - 25,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 STA Reasonable [R1549] 220 2018 [P2436] [S8992] [T7204]
albifrons, West Mediterranean/ W Africa (bre) 2002 - 2012 21,000 - 28,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Poor [R1549] 240 2018 [P2437] [S8991] [T7074]
albifrons, Caspian (bre) 1987 - 1991 10,000 - 25,000 Best guess [R519] 2003 - 2012 Unknown No idea 250 2018 [P1239]
guineae, West Africa (bre) 2001 - 2001 2,000 - 3,000 Expert opinion [R190] 2003 - 2012 Unknown No idea 25 2018
Sternula saundersi (Saunders's Tern)
W South Asia, Red Sea, Gulf & Eastern Africa 2000 - 2012 12,000 - 12,100 Expert opinion [R1330] [R1371] [R1503] 1984 - 2009 STA? Poor [R1330] 120 2018 [S8444] [T6441]
Sternula balaenarum (Damara Tern)
Namibia & South Africa/Atlantic coast to Ghana 2012 - 2016 3,000 - 7,250 Expert opinion [R1391] 2003 - 2014 DEC? Reasonable [R1391] [R1552] 50 2018 [T7230]
Gelochelidon nilotica (Common Gull-billed Tern)
nilotica, Western Europe/West Africa 2002 - 2012 37,000 - 63,000 Expert opinion [R1549] [R1371] 2000 - 2012 STA/FLU Reasonable [R1549] 480 2018 [P1137] [S8978] [T7056]
nilotica, Black Sea & East Mediterranean/Eastern Africa 1998 - 2013 26,000 - 37,000 Expert opinion [R1549] 2000 - 2012 DEC Reasonable [R1549] 310 2018 [S8979] [T7057]



Copyright Wetlands International 2012

Citation: Wetlands International (). "Waterbird Population Estimates" . Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on